منتدي لآلـــئ

التاريخ والجغرافيا وتحليل الأحداث
 
الرئيسيةالرئيسية  التسجيلالتسجيل  دخولدخول  

 

 Chad History Timeline in the 21st Centuary

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
العلاء
Admin
العلاء


عدد المساهمات : 1233
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/01/2012

Chad  History Timeline  in the 21st  Centuary Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: Chad History Timeline in the 21st Centuary   Chad  History Timeline  in the 21st  Centuary Icon_minitimeالأربعاء أبريل 01, 2015 9:04 pm

Chad   History Timeline  in  21st- Centuary

,







2000        Jan 25, A complaint was submitted in Dakar, Senegal, against former
Chad dictator Hissene Habre. It detailed 97 allegations of political killings,
142 cases of torture and 100 disappearances. Habre was indicted on Feb 3.
   (SFC, 1/27/00, p.C2)(SFC, 2/4/00, p.D8)


2000        Feb, A Senegalese court indicted Hissene Habre, the former autocrat
of Chad.
   (WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A26)


2000        May, Chad received a $25 million bonus from the oil consortium’s
junior partners, Chevron and Petronas of Malaysia, in the new pipeline deal.
   (SFC, 12/6/00, p.C20)


2000        Jun 6, The World Bank approved a $3.7 billion oil well and pipeline
project led by Exxon and Mobile to link oil fields in Chad across 663 miles to
the Atlantic coast of Cameroon.
   (SFC, 6/7/00, p.A12)


2000        Oct 18, The World Bank endorsed a $3.5 billion oil project in Chad
with 80% of the revenues to go to development. 10% was to be invested for future
generations. The pipeline was to go from southern Chad to an Atlantic port in
Cameroon. By 2008 rather than comply with the bank’s strictures, Chad had repaid
its loans in full and spent its oil money as it pleased.
   (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D5)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.63)


2000        Nov 23, It was reported that $4 million of a $25 million bonus
payment from the new oil project was used by the Chad government to buy weapons.
   (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D5)(SFC, 12/6/00, p.C20)


2001        Mar 20, Senegal’s highest court said that it has no authority to
prosecute Hissene Habre, Chad’s former president, on charges of torture.
   (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A14)


2001        Apr 12, A trailer truck carrying some 100 passengers went off the
Chagoua Bridge and plunged into the Chari River near the Chad capital of
N’Djamena. Most were missing and feared dead.
   (SFC, 4/14/01, p.A10)


2001        May 20, Chad held elections and Pres. Deby was later declared the
winner. Police had detained 6 opposition candidates and beat dozens of their
supporters.
   (WSJ, 5/29/01, p.A1)


2001        Jul 19, Scientists in Chad found fossils in the Djurab desert of a
human ancestor that they later dated to 6-7 million years BP. In 2002 they named
the group Sahelanthropus tchadensis (with the nickname Toumaï, “hope of life” in
the Goran language).
   (NW, 7/22/02, p.46)


2002        Sep 24, Youssouf Togoimi, rebel head of the Movement for Democracy
and Justice in Chad and a former minister in the government of President Idriss
Deby, died from wounds suffered after his vehicle struck a land mine Aug 28.
Togoimi died in a hospital in neighboring Libya where he was flown for
treatment.
   (AP, 9/26/02)


2003        Jul 15, Chad began pumping oil to Cameroon, part of a project to
help alleviate crushing poverty in the two countries. The 4.2 billion project
was funded by the World Bank on the condition that the oil money be used for
development. Pres. Idris Deby later diverted the money to the general budget and
for weapons.
   (AP, 7/16/03)(SFC, 12/21/07, p.A31)


2003        Sep, Refugee numbers in Chad reach 65,000. UN agencies estimate at
least 500,000 people in Darfur need humanitarian aid.
   (www.un.org/News/dh/dev/scripts/darfur_formatted.htm)


2003        Oct 3, The first tanker set off the Cameroon port of Kribi with
crude oil from a massive $3.7 billion, 665-mile pipeline from the landlocked
nation of Chad.
   (AP, 10/6/03)


2003        Dec 14, Chad's government signed a cease-fire with rebel forces at
the end of talks in Burkina Faso.
   (AP, 12/14/03)


2003        Chad’s population was about 8 million.
   (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D5)


2004        Jan 26, Sudanese planes dropped bombs in western Sudan, sending
hundreds of people fleeing across the border into Chad where aid workers
scrambled to provide them food and shelter in the barren desert.
   (AP, 1/27/04)


2004        Feb 17, UN agencies began urgently airlifting relief supplies into
eastern Chad and western Sudan to help more than 600,000 Sudanese lacking food,
water and medical supplies because of fighting.
   (AP, 2/17/04)


2004        Mar 9, In Chad 2 days of fighting broke out as the army battled
Islamic militants near a remote village on the country's western border with
Niger, killing 43 "terrorists" of a group suspected of links with al-Qaida.
Chad’s defense minister said hundreds of Arab militiamen from Sudan had raided a
village inside Chad, setting off gun battles with the army that killed dozens of
fighters.
   (AP, 3/12/04)(AP, 5/9/04)


2004        Mar 18, A rebel group in Chad captured Amari Saifi, one of North
Africa's most notorious terrorists, along with 9 others. Saifi is and an
Algerian extremist suspected in the hostage-taking of 32 European tourists last
year.
   (AP, 5/14/04)


2004        Jun 12, Central African leaders of Chad and Cameroon officially
opened the taps on one of the largest private investments in sub-Saharan Africa,
a 663-mile, $3.7 billion pipeline snaking from Chad through virgin rain forests
to the Atlantic.
   (AP, 6/12/04)


2004        Jun 17, A Chad military official said Arab militias, known as
Janjawids, fought Chadian troops in Birak, a locality inside Chad about 10 miles
(six kilometers) from the border with western Sudan. 69 Janjawids militiamen
were killed and two taken prisoner in the fighting. He did not give figures for
any losses among Chadian troops.
   (AP, 6/17/04)


2004        Jul 10, Sudan, under international pressure to take action to end
the humanitarian crisis in Darfur, agreed with Chad to deploy a joint force
along their troubled border.
   (AFP, 7/11/04)


2004        Aug 14, Africa’s worst desert locust plague in 15 years continued
across Chad.
   (SFC, 8/14/04, p.C8)


2004        US Special Forces began training local troops in Mauritania and Mali
under a program called the Pan-Sahel Initiative. The program was renamed the
Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Initiative and taken over by Marines, who
extended the training to Chad and Niger.
   (SFC, 10/2/04, p.A8)


2005        Jun, The Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Initiative began operations.
The US funded plan intended to provide military equipment and development aid to
9 north-east African countries considered fertile ground for Muslim militant
groups. Participating countries included Algeria, Chad, Mali, Mauritania,
Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Tunisia.
   (SFC, 12/27/05, p.A1)


2005        Sep 19, Belgium issued an international arrest warrant for Chad's
former leader Hissene Habre, charging him with atrocities during his 1982-90
rule. Habre, who lives in exile in Senegal, is being pursued under Belgium's
"universal jurisdiction" laws, which allow for prosecutions for crimes against
humanity wherever they were committed.
   (AP, 9/29/05)


2005        Oct 18, Transparency International ranked Bangladesh and Chad as the
most corrupt on an annual list of corruption levels in 159 nations. At the other
end of the scale, Iceland was ranked least corrupt. Turkmenistan, Myanmar,
Haiti, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, the Ivory Coast and Angola joined Chad and
Bangladesh as the most corrupt countries.
   (AP, 10/18/05)


2005        Oct, The government of Chad said it intends to amend a law governing
petrodollars so it can use a larger chunk for any purpose it likes.
   (SFC, 12/30/05, p.C2)


2005        Nov 25, Hissene Habre, Chad's former dictator, was freed after a
Senegalese court said it had no jurisdiction to rule on his extradition to
Belgium to stand trial for war crimes.
   (AP, 11/25/05)


2005        Nov 27, Senegal's foreign minister said the African Union will
decide the fate of Chad's former dictator, wanted in Belgium for trial on
human-rights abuses allegedly committed during his regime.
   (AP, 11/28/05)


2005        Dec 8, Paul Wolfowitz, head of the World Bank, issued a statement to
Chad expressing serious concerns about proposed changes to the use of
petrodollars.
   (SFC, 12/30/05, p.C2)


2005        Dec 18, Chad blamed its neighbor Sudan for a rebel raid on an
eastern garrison and announced it was exercising its right to pursue the
attackers on Sudanese soil. A spokesman said an early morning attack on Adre's
garrison was mounted by army deserters allied with a recently formed rebel group
called the Rally for Democracy and Liberty (RDL), which Chad accuses of being a
"militia used by the Sudanese government."
   (AP, 12/18/05)


2005        Dec 19, Chad's army said its forces had killed about 300 rebels
after they launched a failed offensive on a border town in one of the worst
attacks in an escalating conflict. Chad's foreign minister said the troops then
chased the rebels into Sudan and destroyed their bases across the border.
   (AP, 12/19/05)


2006        Jan 4, Chad's President Idriss Deby urged the UN to take control of
Sudan's volatile Darfur region because he said Khartoum was using the conflict
there to destabilize neighboring states.
   (Reuters, 1/4/06)


2006        Jan 7, The World Bank under Paul Wolfowitz halted all lending to
Chad saying the country broke a deal to use oil money to cut poverty.
   (WSJ, 1/7/06, p.A1)(Econ, 3/4/06, p.69)


2006        Feb 8, In Libya the leaders of Sudan and Chad signed a peace
agreement to end increasing tension over Sudan's Darfur region, pledging to
normalize diplomatic relations and deny refuge to each other's rebel groups. A
communique issued by Sudan, Chad and Libya, as well as Burkino Faso, Congo and
the Central African Republic, whose leaders attended the talks, said a committee
of African countries overseen by Libya would monitor the implementation of the
deal.
   (AP, 2/9/06)


2006        Feb 13, Joey Cheek (26), American speedskater, won a gold medal in
the 500-meter sprint in Turin, Italy, and announced that he would donate his
$25,000 award from the US Olympic Committee to a refugee program in Chad.
   (SFC, 2/14/06, p.A1)


2006        Apr 12-2006 Apr 13, Sudanese Janjaweed militia with local Chadian
recruits shot or hacked to death 118 villagers in eastern Chad in a bloody
spillover of violence from Sudan's Darfur region.
   (Reuters, 5/25/06)


2006        Apr 13, In Chad government troops using tanks and attack helicopters
repelled a rebel assault on N’Djamena, Chad's capital. At least 100 rebels were
killed. President Deby went on state-run radio to assure residents he remained
in control, and he blamed Sudan, whose Darfur crisis has spilled over into his
country.
   (AP, 4/13/06)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.50)


2006        Apr 14, Chad broke off diplomatic relations with Sudan and
threatened to expel 200,000 Sudanese refugees, blaming its neighbor for a rebel
attack that killed 350 in the capital.
   (AP, 4/14/06)


2006        Apr 15, Chad threatened to cut off its flow of oil unless the World
Bank releases $125 million frozen in a dispute over how the central African
country should spend its oil revenues.
   (AP, 4/15/06)


2006        Apr 16, Chad's Pres. Deby promised the UN that refugees from Sudan's
Darfur region will not be forcibly returned.
   (AP, 4/17/06)


2006        May 3, Chadians voted for president despite no real alternatives to
incumbent Idriss Deby, who rebuffed calls to delay the election in this emerging
African oil exporter in favor of peace talks with rebels.
   (AP, 5/3/06)


2006        Jun 11, A military transport plane crashed as it tried to land at an
unlit airport at night in Chad's main eastern city, killing five people. Chad
rebels claimed that they shot the C-130 military plane down at Abeche airport.
   (AP, 6/12/06)


2006        Jun 16, A joint UN and African Union delegation met Chadian
President Idriss Deby to discuss the possible deployment of UN troops in Sudan's
war-ravaged western Darfur region.
   (AFP, 6/16/06)


2006        Jun 20, Chad accused Sudan of cross-border attacks and urged the
Security Council to meet over its neighbor's alleged "aggression and
destabilization."
   (AP, 6/20/06)


2006        Jun 26, An attack on an army camp in the Central African Republic
(CAR) resulted in 33 deaths. The provisional toll included 11 CAR soldiers, two
Chadian soldiers from the multinational force FOMUC and 20 attackers.
   (AFP, 6/27/06)

2006        Jul 2, Senegal's President Abdoulaye Wade said his country would try
Chad's former leader Hissene Habre, wanted by Belgium for trial on charges of
war crimes and crimes against humanity.
   (AFP, 7/2/06)


2006        Jul 14, The World Bank said it and Chad had resolved a dispute over
oil revenues that will result in significant increases in government spending on
projects that benefit the poor.
   (AP, 7/14/06)


2006        Aug 6, Taiwan condemned China after oil producer Chad switched
diplomatic ties to Beijing from Taipei, forcing Premier Su Tseng-chang to scrap
his plans to visit the African nation at the last minute.
   (Reuters, 8/6/06)


2006        Aug 8, Chad and Sudan agreed to reopen their borders and resume
diplomatic relations that they severed in a dispute four months ago.
   (AP, 8/9/06)


2006        Aug 26, Chad ordered US energy giant Chevron and Malaysia's Petronas
to leave the country within 24 hours for failing to honor tax obligations, a
move apparently aimed at increasing control over its oil output. Chad's
president Idriss Deby suspended the oil minister and two other Cabinet members
who negotiated deals with the two foreign oil firms.
   (AP, 8/27/06)


2006        Aug 30, Conservationists said the remains of 100 African elephants
killed for their tusks have been found in Chad not far from Sudan's troubled
Darfur region.
   (AP, 8/31/06)


2006        Sep 1, In Chad US Senator Barack Obama held talks with President
Idriss Deby Itno on the crisis in Sudan's Darfur region and on Chad's oil
production, on the final stop of the African-American politician's tour of the
continent.
   (AP, 9/1/06)


2006        Sep 7, Chad Pres. Idriss Deby and Chevron CEO David O’Reilly met in
Paris for talks on oil taxes. Chad said Chevron agreed to pay back taxes.
   (SFC, 9/9/06, p.C1)


2006        Oct 7, Sudanese soldiers crossed the border into eastern Chad to
fight a group of Darfur rebels, leaving more than 300 people injured.
   (AP, 10/8/06)


2006        Oct 18, Local and UN officials said Sudanese Janjaweed militia and
Chadian rebels have attacked at least 10 villages in south-east Chad in the past
fortnight, killing over 100 people and displacing more than 3,000.
   (Reuters, 10/18/06)


2006        Oct 23, In southeastern Chad armed men attacked Am Timan, 24 hours
after briefly seizing the town of Goz Beida near the Sudan border. The
insurgents, calling themselves the Union of Forces for Democracy and Development
(UFDD), the latest in a string of titles grouping various rebel factions, have
said they want polls to end the "catastrophic" rule of President Idriss Deby.
   (Reuters, 10/24/06)


2006        Oct 27, The UN said it is sending a mission to Chad and the Central
African Republic to look at operations to curb the escalating violence and help
protect hundreds of thousands of civilians.
   (AP, 10/28/06)


2006        Oct 28, Chad accused Sudan's air force of bombarding four towns
along its eastern frontier and said its armed forces were ready to repel further
aggression.
   (Reuters, 10/28/06)


2006        Oct 31, A small clash between ethnic Arab and ethnic African
villagers along Chad's border with Darfur escalated into a large-scale attack in
which Arabs killed 128 Africans. The fight broke out in Amtiman in southeastern
Chad between two small groups after a member of one group insulted the other.
   (AP, 11/7/06)

2006        Nov 2, Senegal moved closer to bringing Hissene Habre, a former
Chadian dictator accused of war crimes, to justice after the government
announced that local laws would be revised and a special commission formed to
organize and oversee his trial.
   (AP, 11/3/06)


2006        Nov 13, Chad declared a state of emergency in three eastern regions
where ethnic clashes have left as many as 200 people dead and raised fears that
Sudan's Darfur conflict is spilling across the border.
   (AP, 11/14/06)


2006        Nov 18, Gabonese President Omar Bongo said in a statement that the
Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) had "acceded to a
request from the Central African Republic authorities to intervene in securing
conflict zones." CEMAC's members include the Central African Republic, Chad,
Gabon, Congo, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.
   (AFP, 11/18/06)


2006        Nov 24, Chadian rebels rolled into the east of the country in their
second offensive within a month against President Idriss Deby Itno. Chad
extended a state of emergency for six months in the country's eastern provinces,
where ethnic clashes have killed as many as 400 people and raised fears that
Sudan's Darfur conflict is spilling across the border.
   (AP, 11/24/06)


2006        Nov 25, In eastern Chad fighting broke out between the national army
and rebels, and rebels claimed they had seized the major city in the area.
   (AP, 11/25/06)


2006        Nov 26, In eastern Chad government forces entered Abeche, one day
after rebels launched an attack and claimed to have seized the town.
   (AP, 11/26/06)


2006        Nov 28, A Chadian military reconnaissance plane was shot down in
eastern Chad in an attack likely carried out by rebels.
   (AP, 11/28/06)


2006        Dec 1, Amnesty International accused the government of Chad of
failing to act as Janjaweed militia carry out increasing attacks on civilians.
   (AFP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 6, In Chad an association of radio broadcasters said private
radio stations began a three-day protest of government censorship of their
reporting on Chad's volatile east.
   (AP, 12/6/06)


2006        Dec 17, In eastern Chad marauding fighters killed and mutilated 20
civilians. The  government blamed the atrocities on militias backed by
neighbouring Sudan. Government forces who battled the attackers after their
raids on the refugee camp and two other nearby villages also saw eight of their
soldiers killed and the victims' eyes gouged out. The army killed nine fighters
in return and took four prisoners.
   (AFP, 12/19/06)


2006        Dec 24, Chad's president and the leader of a rebel faction that
tried to oust him earlier this year signed a peace accord in Libya, but other
Chadian insurgents dismissed the deal and vowed to fight on.
   (Reuters, 12/24/06)


2006        Dec 25, Chad's President Idriss Deby Itno and rebel leader Mahamat
Nour Abdulkerim arrived in N'Djamena after signing a peace deal in Libya. One of
the current rebel leaders, Timane Erdimi, dismissed the significance of the deal
with Nour's FUC, some of whose men went off to join a coalition led by the Rally
of Democratic Forces (RAFD) headed by Erdimi and his twin brother Tom. Deby's
government is also up against the Union of Forces for Democracy and Development
(UFDD), led by former defense minister Mahamat Nouri, and the Chadian National
Concord movement led by Hassan Saleh al-Djinedi.
   (AFP, 12/25/06)


2006        France used Chad’s airspace to train fighter pilots and maintained a
military presence in the eastern part of the country.
   (Econ, 11/11/06, p.54)


2007        Jan 15, Anti-government rebels in Chad said they have captured a new
location in the far north of the central African country after ending a truce at
the weekend. Chadian defense minister, General Bichara Issa Djadallah, denied
the rebel claim.
   (AFP, 1/15/07)


2007        Jan 17, Chadian rebels captured the small town of Ade on the border
with Sudan, the latest in a series of raids in the lawless east of the central
African country.
   (AP, 1/17/07)


2007        Jan 24, A hijacker seized a Sudanese passenger plane carrying 103
people and forced the pilot to fly to the Chadian capital, N'Djamena, where he
surrendered. The gunman wanted the plane to be flown to Britain but when told
there was insufficient fuel agreed to go to the capital of neighbouring Chad. He
said he wanted to draw attention to the Darfur conflict.
   (AP, 1/24/07)


2007        Feb 1, Chadian rebels fighting to overthrow President Idriss Deby
attacked the eastern border town of Adre on the main road route into Sudan's
Darfur region.
   (AP, 2/1/07)


2007        Feb 15, A summit of African leaders opened in Cannes on the French
Riviera. The crisis in Darfur and violence in Guinea overshadowed the summit, as
well as perennial issues of poverty, development and AIDS. France won agreement
from three involved African nations (Sudan, Chad and Central African Republic)
that they would not support armed rebel movements on each other's territories.
   (AP, 2/15/07)(AP, 2/15/07)


2007        Feb 21, At a regional meeting in Libya the leaders of Sudan and Chad
said they agreed to redouble efforts to end violence spilling over their border
from Darfur.
   (Reuters, 2/21/07)


2007        Feb 23, Chadian PM Pascal Yoadimnadji (56) died at a Paris hospital
following a brain hemorrhage.
   (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 28, Djidda Moussa Outman, Chad's minister of foreign affairs,
said that Chad had never accepted the idea of a military force of "whatever
nature" on its eastern border.
   (AP, 3/1/07)

2007        Mar 4, Chad named the former rebel leader Mahamat Nour Abdelkerim as
its new defense minister in a major reshuffle of the volatile central African
country's government.
   (AFP, 3/4/07)


2007        Mar 6, The government of Chad refused to allow the UN to send an
advance mission to prepare for the possible deployment of UN peacekeepers, a
setback to plans to help thousands of civilians caught in the spillover of the
Darfur conflict in neighboring Sudan.
   (AP, 3/7/07)


2007        Mar 31, Janjaweed militiamen killed up to 400 people in the volatile
eastern border region near Sudan, leaving an "apocalyptic" scene of mass graves
and destruction. Chadian officials initially said 65 people had died, but added
that the toll was sure to rise.
   (AP, 4/10/07)


2007        Apr 10, South African President Thabo Mbeki arrived in Khartoum to
join the international push for UN peacekeepers in Darfur, amid fears of a
regional spillover after clashes between Sudan and Chad. Officials said the UN,
the African Union and the Sudanese government have reached agreement to beef up
the African force in Sudan's violence-wracked Darfur region with UN troops,
police and equipment.
   (AP, 4/10/07)


2007        Apr 26, Six central African countries (Gabon, Equatorial Guinea,
Chad, Central African Republic, Cameroon and Congo) plan to launch a common
passport in July, permitting the free movement of goods and people across their
borders.
   (AFP, 4/26/07)


2007        May 3, African neighbors Sudan and Chad signed a Saudi-brokered
reconciliation deal in Saudi Arabia, requiring both sides to cooperate with the
United Nations to stabilize Darfur and the adjacent region in Chad.
   (AP, 5/3/07)

2007        May 4, A rebel spokesman said a Saudi-brokered reconciliation deal
signed by Chad with its neighbor Sudan will not halt a guerrilla war by Chadian
rebels aimed at toppling President Idriss Deby.
   (Reuters, 5/4/07)

2007        May 9, Chad pledged to work to demobilize hundreds of child soldiers
fighting in the ranks of the government army and rebel groups across the
conflict-torn central African country.
   (Reuters, 5/9/07)


2007        Jun 3, In Libya African leaders sought to reconcile differences
between neighbors Chad and Sudan over Darfur and boost Somalia's embattled
transitional government at a regional summit.
   (AFP, 6/3/07)


2007        Jul 2, Brahim Deby (27), the son of Chad's president, was found dead
with a head wound in the basement of his apartment building in a Paris suburb.
Authorities treated the case as a murder investigation.
   (AP, 7/2/07)


2007        Jul 23, The European Union took the first step towards sending
forces to Chad and the Central African Republican to help the United Nations
protect refugees trapped in the violent region bordering Darfur.
   (AP, 7/23/07)


2007        Aug 23, The government of Chad said it will adhere to a program
designed to put pressure on countries to be open about revenues from exports of
oil, natural gas and minerals.
   (AP, 8/23/07)

2007        Sep 7, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon arrived in Chad for talks
with President Idriss Deby Itno on the Darfur crisis in neighbouring Sudan, and
the plight of refugees who have fled to his country.
   (AP, 9/7/07)


2007        Sep 25, The UN Security Council unanimously passed a French
resolution endorsing sending a European Union-UN force to Chad and the Central
African Republic to protect civilians reeling from a spillover of the Darfur
conflict.
   (AP, 9/25/07)


2007        Oct 15, European Union foreign ministers gave their final approval
to deploy a 3,000-strong EU peacekeeping force for one year to help refugees and
displaced people living along Darfur's borders with Chad and the Central African
Republic.
   {EU, Sudan, Chad, CAR}
   (AP, 10/15/07)


2007        Oct 16,     Chad's government declared a state of emergency along
its eastern border with Sudan's Darfur and in its remote desert north to tackle
a fresh flare-up of ethnic violence that killed at least 20 people.
   (AP, 10/16/07)


2007        Oct 25, In Chad 9 French citizens were arrested after a group tried
to fly 103 African children to France, saying it wanted to save them from the
crisis in neighboring Darfur. On Oct 29 six French nationals were charged with
kidnapping and a judge in the eastern city of Abeche also agreed to allow
prosecution charges of complicity against three French journalists.
   (AP, 10/26/07)(AP, 10/30/07)


2007        Oct 28, Authorities in Chad charged six French charity workers with
kidnapping after they tried to put 103 children on a plane to France, claiming
they were orphans from Sudan's conflict-wracked Darfur region. The charity
workers were later convicted, jailed for several months, then pardoned.
   (AP, 10/29/08)


2007        Nov 4, In Chad 3 French journalists and 4 Spanish flight attendants,
among 17 detained for over a week in an alleged attempt to kidnap 103 African
children, were released. French President Nicolas Sarkozy arrived in Chad on a
visit to discuss the fate of Europeans facing charges for trying to fly 103
African children to Europe.
   (AP, 11/4/07)(Reuters, 11/4/07)


2007        Nov 9, A Belgian pilot and three Spanish flight crew were set free
by authorities in Chad who had accused them of complicity in a plot to kidnap
103 children and take them to France for adoption.
   (AP, 11/9/07)


2007        Nov 26, In eastern Chad rebels and government soldiers fought
gunbattles near the border with Sudan's Darfur region after two rebel groups
ended a month-long ceasefire. A rebel group, Union of Forces for Development and
Democracy, claimed to have killed over 200 government soldiers with 20 of its
fighters lost.
   (Reuters, 11/26/07)(AP, 11/27/07)(SFC, 11/27/07, p.A17)


2007        Nov 29, In eastern Chad new fighting erupted near the border with
Sudan's strife-torn Darfur region between the army and a leading rebel group.
   (AP, 11/29/07)


2007        Nov 30, In Chad anti-government rebels declared a "state of war"
against French and foreign military forces in an apparent warning to an EU
peacekeeping force that plans to deploy soon in eastern Chad.
   (Reuters, 11/30/07)


2007        Dec 4, The Chadian army fought heavy battles against rebel forces in
the east of the country near the border with Sudan's troubled Darfur region.
   (AFP, 12/4/07)


2007        Dec 7, Six French nationals detained in Chad on suspicion of trying
to illegally fly 103 children to Europe started a hunger strike, complaining
their case was being neglected.
   (Reuters, 12/8/07)

2007        Dec 26, A Chadian court convicted six French aid workers of trying
to kidnap 103 African children and sentenced them to eight years of forced
labor. The French Foreign Ministry in Paris said it would ask Chadian
authorities to transfer the six convicted to France. The countries have a
bilateral judicial agreement that could allow for such a transfer.
   (AP, 12/26/07)


2007        Dec 28, In Chad 6 French aid workers sentenced to eight years'
forced labor for trying to kidnap 103 children left for France, boarding a plane
in handcuffs as security officers looked on.
   (AP, 12/28/07)

2007        Dec 29, Sudan accused Chadian aircraft of bombing its western Darfur
region in what it called "repeated aggressions" by its western neighbor. a
Sudanese foreign ministry statement said 3 Chadian war planes bombed two areas
in West Darfur on December 28.
   (AFP, 12/30/07)


2008        Jan 7, Chadian air force planes attacked a Chadian rebel base across
the border, southwest of El-Geneina in the Darfur region of Sudan.
   (AP, 1/7/08)


2008        Jan 11, Belgium, France and Poland pledged to provide the resources
needed to launch a European Union peacekeeping force for Chad and the Central
African Republic.
   (AP, 1/11/08)


2008        Jan 28, The EU launched its long-awaited peacekeeping force for Chad
and the Central African Republic to help protect hundreds of thousands of
refugees from strife-torn Darfur.
   (AFP, 1/28/08)


2008        Jan 28, A French court sentenced six French charity workers to 8
years in prison, after they were convicted in Chad of trying to kidnap 103
children they said were orphans from Darfur.
   (AP, 1/28/08)


2008        Jan, The population of Central African Republic was about 4 million.
Bandits known as Zaraguina, mostly from Chad, were reported to be looting,
kidnapping and demanding thousands of dollars in ransom for local cattle herders
from the Peuhl tribe.
   (Econ, 1/26/08, p.47)


2008        Feb 1, Chad's army fought to drive off rebels who pushed to within
100 km (60 miles) of the capital N'Djamena and the clashes delayed the
deployment of European peacekeepers. A French Defense Ministry official said
France has sent about 150 supplementary troops to Chad as a "precautionary
measure" in response to a rebel offensive.
   (AP, 2/1/08)


2008        Feb 1, In Ethiopia a summit of African Union leaders shifted its
attention from the crisis in Kenya to Chad, with delegates voicing fears of a
major conflict that could scupper peace efforts in Sudan.
   (AP, 2/1/08)


2008        Feb 2, African Union leaders condemned the latest unrest in Chad and
Kenya at the close of a summit overshadowed by new crises on the continent and
which saw little headway achieved on older ones. Hundreds of rebels penetrated
the capital of Chad, clashing with government troops and moving on the
presidential palace after a three-day advance through the oil-producing central
African nation.
   (AFP, 2/2/08)(AP, 2/2/08)


2008        Feb 3, Chadian forces backed by tanks and helicopter gunships
struggled to repel a rebel assault on the capital, and insurgents claimed to
have trapped the president in his palace. Chadian rebels, reportedly backed by
Sudanese military aircraft, launched an attack on the eastern town of Adre,
which borders on Sudan's Darfur region.
   (AP, 2/3/08)(AFP, 2/3/08)


2008        Feb 4, In Chad government forces and rebels clashed for a third day
in the capital of N'Djamena with gunfire and shelling heard throughout the city.
   (AP, 2/4/08)


2008        Feb 7, Chadian President Idriss Deby Itno issued a "solemn call" for
a European peacekeeping force for Darfur refugees, to deploy as soon as
possible. The president also said he was "ready to pardon" six French aid
workers convicted in December of trying to kidnap more than 100 children they
said were orphans from Darfur.
   (AP, 2/7/08)(AFP, 2/7/08)


2008        Feb 10, The UN refugee agency said up to 12,000 "terrified" refugees
from Sudan's Darfur region have fled across the border to neighboring Chad after
the latest air strikes by the Sudanese military and thousands more may be on
their way.
   (AP, 2/10/08)


2008        Feb 11, Chad's PM Nouradin Koumakoye demanded that the international
community remove refugees who have fled to Chad from Sudan's Darfur region.
   (AP, 2/11/08)


2008        Feb 14, Chad's Pres. Idriss Deby declared a state of emergency and
signed a decree increasing government powers for 15 days.
   (SFC, 2/15/08, p.A12)


2008        Feb 29, The UN refugee agency said that 3,000 refugees from Darfur
have arrived in Chad in the last week, bringing the total number to over 13,000
in February alone.
   (AFP, 2/29/08)


2008        Mar 4, France pinned the blame on Sudanese forces for a shooting
near the border with Chad that left one French soldier wounded and another
missing and asked Sudanese authorities for help in locating the missing soldier.
Sgt. Gilles Pollin’s remains were formally identified Mar 7 and flown to Paris
from Khartoum.
   (AP, 3/4/08)(AP, 3/7/08)


2008        Mar 13, Chad accused Sudan of sending anti-government rebels across
their border into its territory as international mediators struggled to broker a
fresh peace accord between the two neighbors. The presidents of Chad and Sudan
signed a non-aggression pact, vowing not to support rebel attacks against each
other, many of which were launched from troubled Darfur.
   (AP, 3/13/08)(AFP, 3/14/08)


2008        Mar 17, An EU force of 3,700 troops still deploying in Chad and the
Central African Republic (CAR) announced the official start of its year-long
mission to protect refugees and displaced people. The EU force in Chad was known
as EUFOR, and the UN Mission there and the CAR was called MINURCAT.
   (AFP, 3/17/08)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.52)


2008        Mar 31, Chad's state radio announced that the president has pardoned
six French aid workers convicted of kidnapping 103 children.
   (AP, 3/31/08)


2008        Apr 2, Chad's main rebel group urged former colonial ruler France to
stop backing President Idriss Deby Itno and cease flying over rebel positions in
the central African nation's restive east.
   (AP, 4/2/08)


2008        May 1, Pascal Marlinge, the country head of Save the Children UK in
Chad, was shot dead by gunmen who held up his three-car convoy between the
villages of Forchana and Hadjer Hadid, not far from the border with Sudan's
Darfur region. UN aid agencies suspended all but their most urgent work in
eastern Chad for two days in a "symbolic protest."
   (Reuters, 5/2/08)


2008        May 10, Sudanese soldiers clashed with Darfur rebels of the Justice
and Equality Movement (JEM) in the north of the capital Khartoum where a curfew
has now been imposed. Officials later said more that 200 people were killed in
the weekend fighting. The rebels had traveled from Chad in 191 land cruisers and
pick-up trucks. On May 27 an official Egyptian newspaper claimed that Sudanese
forces searching the rebel JEM movement found modern Iranian weapons with them
and that authorities had seized large amounts of ammunition and Iranian
equipment.
   (AFP, 5/10/08)(AP, 5/13/08)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.59)(AFP, 5/27/08)


2008        May 11, Sudan severed diplomatic ties with Chad, accusing its
neighbor of backing a first ever Darfur rebel assault on Khartoum, and partly
lifted a curfew amid its clampdown on remaining rebels.
   (AFP, 5/11/08)


2008        May 12, Chad closed its border with Sudan and put a halt to
bilateral trade, a minister said, a day after Sudan severed diplomatic ties with
Chad.
   (AP, 5/12/08)


2008        Jun 14, Rebels in Chad attacked the eastern town of Goz-Beida, and
Irish EU troops took up defensive positions between the fighting and a refugee
camp.
   (Reuters, 6/14/08)


2008        Jun 18, A military official said Chad’s army has killed 161 rebels
in a battle in the eastern part of the country.
   (SFC, 6/19/08, p.A17)


2008        Jun 30, Brahim Deby, the eldest son of Chad’s President Idriss Deby,
was found dead in the basement of his apartment building in a Paris suburb. He
was asphyxiated by chemicals from a fire extinguisher that lay near his body. In
late November Romanian police arrested a French-Romanian national identified as
Marius C. after on a warrant from France.
   (AP, 11/28/08)(www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L02560147.htm)


2008        Jul 18, Senegal’s President Abdoulaye Wade said Sudan President Omar
al-Beshir has agreed to restore relations with Chad, more than two months after
Khartoum severed ties accusing Ndjamena of backing Darfur rebels.
   (AFP, 7/18/08)


2008        Aug 15, In Chad a court sentenced former President Hissene Habre and
11 rebels to death. Habre was awaiting trial in Senegal for torture and murder.
   (SFC, 8/16/08, p.A5)


2008        Nov 9, Troubled neighbors Chad and Sudan exchanged ambassadors, six
months after diplomatic ties were ruptured over tit-for-tat accusations of
support for armed rebels.
   (AFP, 11/9/08)


2008        Chad’s population was about 10 million.
   (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D5)


2009        Jan 14, The UN Security Council authorized 5,200 UN peacekeepers to
replace a 3,300-strong EU force in Chad and Central African Republic, which have
been seriously affected by fighting in neighboring Sudan's Darfur region.
   (AP, 1/14/09)


2009        Jan 28, Five African and international human rights groups called on
the African Union to press Senegal to move forward with the trial of former
Chadian dictator Hissene Habre.
   (AP, 1/28/09)


2009        Jan 28, French PM Francois Fillon said 1,000 French 1,650 soldiers
would be pulled out from the EUFOR mission to protect refugees in Chad. He also
says France's 1,800-strong contingent in Ivory Coast will be reduced by half.
   (AP, 1/28/09)

2009        Jan 30, In Libreville, Gabon, leaders of the six Central African
states (Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, CAR, Congo, Equatorial Guinea), began meeting to
discuss closer economic ties, including the creation of a new regional airline.
The Economic and Monetary Union of Central Africa, known as CEMAC, planned
discussions on such issues as monetary reform and the free movement of citizens.
   (AFP, 1/30/09)


2009        Feb 4, Poland’s defense minister stated plans to end military
missions in Lebanon, the Golan Heights and Chad in an effort to cut spending due
to the global economic crisis.
   (AP, 2/4/09)


2009        Feb 14, Over 6,000 people have fled the Ndele region of the Central
African Republic for a Chadian border village after violence erupted between two
ethnic groups, the Runga and the Gulus.
   (AFP, 2/14/09)


2009        Feb 19, Belgium took Senegal to the International Court of Justice
over the African nation's failure to prosecute a former Chad president for
crimes against humanity and torture.
   (AP, 2/20/09)


2009        Mar 15, In Abeche, Chad, UN forces took over command from EU
peacekeepers to protect refugees and displaced people in Chad and the Central
African Republic.
   (AFP, 3/15/09)


2009        Apr 6, Belgium began World Court proceedings against Senegal in an
effort to bring former Chad President Hissene Habre on trial for alleged
widespread human rights abuses during his eight-year reign. A Chadian commission
of inquiry has concluded that Habre's regime killed at least 3,780 political
opponents, but added that the figure likely represents only 10 percent of his
victims.
   (AP, 4/6/09)


2009        May 5, Sudan denied accusations by the government of Chad that its
forces had launched an attack against the neighboring African state.
   (AFP, 5/5/09)


2009        May 8, Chad’s government claimed that 225 rebels and 22 soldiers had
been killed in clashes over the last 2 days south of the main eastern city of
Abeche.
   (AFP, 5/9/09)


2009        May 16, Sudan accused Chad of mounting a second series of air
strikes on its territory and said the conflict between the African neighbors
must be resolved politically.
   (AFP, 5/16/09)


2009        May 17, Chad said its air force had completed raids on "mercenaries"
inside Sudan, announcing its aircraft had destroyed seven groups of fighters
while ground forces had captured 100 prisoners on the border.
   (Reuters, 5/17/09)


2009        Jun 16, The US added six African countries to a blacklist of
countries trafficking in people, and put US trading partner Malaysia back on the
list. Chad, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe were added to
the list in the annual report. Removed from the list were Qatar, Oman, Algeria,
and Moldova.
   (AFP, 6/16/09)

2009        Jul 16, The Chadian rebel Union of Forces of Resistance (UFR)
claimed the Chadian air force attacked two villages in the southeastern Chadian
region of Tissi. Rebels claimed some 50 had been killed some 100 wounded. Sudan
accused Chad of launching air raids on its western region of Darfur.
   (AFP, 7/16/09)


2009        Jul 19,     Sudan said it was committed to peace with neighboring
Chad after accusing it of bombing its western Darfur region last week, but also
warned it would not be held back if threatened.
   (AFP, 7/19/09)


2009        Sep 9, Conservationists said poaching and drought-related hunger
have killed more than 100 of Kenya's famous elephants in the north of the
country so far this year. Around 23,000 elephants live in Kenya but populations
can be devastated by poaching within a couple of years. A recent survey in Chad
showed its elephant population had declined from 3,800 to just over 600 in the
past three years.
   (AP, 9/9/09)


2009        Sep 30, Amnesty International said tens of thousands of women who
fled unrest in Darfur face the daily threat or rape and violence in refugee
camps in neighboring Chad.
   (AP, 9/30/09)


2009        Nov 9, In eastern Chad a French Red Cross staff member was abducted
by several armed men, close to the border with Sudan. Laurent Maurice was freed
in Sudan on Feb 6.
   (AFP, 11/10/09)(AP, 2/7/10)


2009        Dec 24, A delegation headed by Chadian Foreign Minister Moussa Faki
Mahamat met Sudanese Omar al-Beshir and helped restore trust between the
neighbors.
   (AFP, 12/25/09)


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
العلاء
Admin
العلاء


عدد المساهمات : 1233
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/01/2012

Chad  History Timeline  in the 21st  Centuary Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Chad History Timeline in the 21st Centuary   Chad  History Timeline  in the 21st  Centuary Icon_minitimeالأربعاء أبريل 01, 2015 9:06 pm



2010 Jan 1, Chad's President Idriss Deby Itno called on rebel forces in
the troubled central African nation to lay down their weapons, saying constant
conflict was hindering development.
(AFP, 1/1/10)



2010 Feb 20, Darfur's most heavily armed rebel group, the Justice and
Equality Movement, said that it had signed a framework agreement with the
Sudanese government in Chad that provides for a ceasefire. Sudanese President
Omar Hassan al-Bashir was due to sign the same agreement with JEM leader Khalil
Ibrahim in Qatar on Feb 23, watched by diplomats and the presidents of Chad and
Eritrea.
(AFP, 2/20/10)(Reuters, 2/23/10)


2010 Mar 22, West African farmers appealed for help as drought and famine
menaced people and livestock, with malnutrition already affecting nearly a third
of the population. Leaders of the nine countries in the Permanent Interstate
Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS) planned to meet in N’Djamena
on March 25.
(AFP, 3/23/10)


2010 Apr 10, The border between Chad and Sudan reopened seven years after
the Darfur conflict forced its closure, in another sign of improved relations
between the former foes.
(AFP, 4/14/10)


2010 May 19, Chadian authorities at Ndjamena airport refused entry to
Khalil Ibrahim and a number of other JEM members who had arrived from the Libyan
capital Tripoli. Chadian authorities confiscated their passports and refused to
let them into Chadian territory and ordered them to go back to Libya. Khalil and
his delegation had planned to head to Darfur through Chad.
(AP, 5/19/10)


2010 May 25, Chad's government succeeded in forcing a 3,300-strong UN
peacekeeping force operating in Chad and the Central African Republic to pull
out by the end of this year. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization warned
that a dramatic shortfall in donations for Chad's agriculture relief puts 2
million people at risk of hunger.
(AP, 5/25/10)


2010 Jul 9, Aid agency Oxfam warned that the food crisis gripping the
Sahel region of Africa was reaching disastrous levels and called on governments
and the international community to act now. The crisis stretched across the
region taking in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger and northern Nigeria.
(AFP, 7/9/10)


2010 Jul 20, Sudan expelled three top Chadian rebel chiefs on the eve of
a visit to Chad by Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir.
(AFP, 7/20/10)


2010 Jul 21, President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Chad, the first time
Sudan's leader has been in a member state of the International Criminal Court.
He arrived to take part in a summit of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States.
Human Rights Watch said that Chad should arrest al-Bashir or risk becoming the
first ICC member state to harbor a suspected war criminal.
(AP, 7/21/10)


2010 Jul 21, Sudanese rebel group JEM signed a landmark deal with the UN,
pledging to protect children caught up in the Darfur conflict.
(AFP, 7/21/10)


2010 Sep 3, Chad health officials said an outbreak of cholera in the
Central African nation has killed at least 41 people.
(AP, 9/4/10)


2010 Oct 19, The UN said that 377 people had died in flooding in central
and west Africa, with nearly 1.5 million people affected since the start of the
rainy season in June. The highest toll was in Nigeria with 118, followed by
Ghana (52), Sudan (50), Benin (43), Chad (24), Mauritania (21), Burkina Faso
(16), Cameroon (13), Gambia (12), with other countries reporting less than 10
dead.
(AFP, 10/19/10)


2010 Oct 27, US officials said the Obama administration has granted a
waiver allowing Chad, CongoDRC, Sudan and Yemen to continue receiving US
military aid despite their use of child soldiers. Officials said cutting off aid
would do more damage than good.
(SFC, 10/28/10, p.A2)


2010 Nov 19, In the Republic of Congo 8 countries signed a convention to
limit the spread of weapons in central Africa, but three countries opted out.
Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of
Congo, Gabon, The Republic of Congo, Sao Tome and Principe all signed. Burundi,
Equatorial Guinea and Rwanda did not sign.
(AFP, 11/20/10)


2010 Nov 30, Chad's army said it has entered the northwest part of
neighboring Central African Republic and pushed out a group of rebels that had
attempted to take the town of Birao.
(AP, 12/1/10)


2011 Apr 25, Chad’s Pres. Idriss Deby Itno won nearly 84% of the vote in
elections, which the opposition boycotted.
(AFP, 8/8/11)


2011 Apr, In Chad at least 30 elephants were poached this month.
(Econ, 5/21/11, p.56)


2011 May 20, In Libya NATO fighter jets struck three ports in bombing
runs overnight, targeting Gadhafi's navy with a goal of protecting the nearby
rebel-held port of Misrata. A NATO strike this morning hit a police academy in
the Tripoli neighborhood of Tajoura. An international aid group said that 3,800
Chadians who fled fighting in Libya are stranded in a remote desert town in
northern Chad. NATO warplanes bombed command centers near Tripoli and in the
southwest as part of a continuing effort to cut communications links between
Gadhafi and his units on the battlefields.
(AP, 5/20/11)(AP, 5/21/11)


2011 Jun 2, In the Central African Republic sporadic gunfire was heard
overnight in Bangui, capital of the CAR, but tension slowly eased after two days
of bloodshed targeting Muslims. 11 people were killed including 8 Chadians in
violence targeting Muslims in Bangui.
(AFP, 6/2/11)(AFP, 6/3/11)


2011 Jun, Chad’s President Idriss Deby Itno inaugurated the Djarmaya
refinery, located 40 km (25 miles) north of the Chadian capital Ndjamena. He
described it as a "gift from China" that would offer energy independence to his
land-locked nation. China’s state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation
International (CNPCI) owned 60%.
(AFP, 2/7/12)


2011 Jul 1, The African Union, meeting in Equatorial Guinea, said Senegal
must try Hissene Habre, the former dictator of Chad, who has been living in the
Senegalese capital for decades. Habre has lived in Senegal since 1990, and
Senegal agreed to create a special court to try him more than five years ago.
(AP, 7/2/11)


2011 Jul 7, In Libya the International Organization for Migration (IOM)
began an operation to return home around 2,000 Chadian migrants, mostly women
and children, trapped in Libya.
(AP, 7/9/11)


2011 Jul 10, Senegal, under international pressure, reversed course and
called off the extradition of former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre. The
decision came hours before Habre was to be deported to Chad.
(AP, 7/10/11)


2011 Jul 14, Chad's former president Hissene Habre, in exile in Senegal,
said in a published interview that he would be willing to appear before an
international tribunal to answer charges of atrocities during his 1982-1990
rule.
(AFP, 7/14/11)


2011 Jul 27, Chadian rebels denounced the repatriation and imprisonment
of 27 senior members of their force captured in Sudan.
(AFP, 7/27/11)


2011 Aug 8, Chad’s Pres. Idriss Deby Itno vowed he would battle
corruption as he was sworn in as president for a new five-year term.
(AFP, 8/8/11)


2011 Sep 29, In Sweden the winners of Right Livelihood Awards, sometimes
referred to as the alternative Nobel prizes, were announced. Human rights
activist Jacqueline Moudeina of Chad; Spanish-based nonprofit GRAIN; and
American midwifery educator Ina May Gaskin will share the euro150,000 ($205,000)
cash award. Chinese solar power pioneer Huang Ming received an honorary award
for developing "cutting-edge technologies."
(AP, 9/29/11)


2011 Oct 11, UNICEF, the UN children's agency, warned that the west and
central Africa region is facing one of the worst cholera epidemics in its
history, with over 85,000 cases reported leading to 2,466 deaths this year. The
most significant increases were in Chad, Cameroon, and in western Democratic
Republic of Congo.
(AFP, 10/11/11)


2011 Nov 18, The European Commission said an extra 10 million euros
($13.5 million) in humanitarian funding will go on addressing "major shortfalls"
in food in the Sahel region. The crisis is affecting 7 million people in Burkina
Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria.
(AFP, 11/19/11)


2011 Dec 8, The UN's World Food Program said meager rains and diminished
harvests have left between five and seven million people in Africa's Sahel
region facing food shortages. The countries of Niger, Mauritania, Mali and Chad
were worst hit.
(AFP, 12/9/11)


2012 Jan 22, Voters in Chad went to the polls for the first local
elections in the central African country's history, after the ballot had been
rescheduled several times.
(AFP, 1/22/12)


2012 Jan 26, In Nigeria a police source said some 200 people, mostly
Chadian "mercenaries," have been arrested following last week's attacks in the
northern main city of Kano. Gunmen killed 15 village traders returning from a
market at night and set their bodies ablaze in northern Zamfara state.
(AFP, 1/26/12)(AFP, 1/27/12)


2012 Feb 6, The Chadian National Electoral Commission, CENI, announced
that the ruling Patriotic Salvation Movement, MPS, party of President Idriss
Deby Itno and its allies had won majority of towns in the first local elections
to be organized in the country.
(http://news.yahoo.com/chad-court-upholds-victory-main-party-165905509.html)


2012 Feb 6, Chad announced it was reopening a major oil refinery it had
earlier ordered shut because of a price dispute with its Chinese part-owners.
The Djarmaya refinery was ordered closed on January 19.
(AFP, 2/6/12)


2012 Feb 15, United Nations and EU aid chiefs called for "urgent"
assistance for West Africa's drought-hit Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali,
Mauritania, Niger), saying it needed $725 million (552 million euros) this year.
(AFP, 2/15/12)


2012 Feb 16, The mediation and security council of the West African
regional group ECOWAS approved humanitarian aid of three million dollars for
victims of the food crisis and rebel attacks in the Sahel region (Burkina Faso,
Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger).
(AFP, 2/16/12)


2012 Feb 23, Chad's supreme court confirmed victory for President Idriss
Deby Itno's ruling party in the country's first local elections.
(AP, 2/24/12)


2012 Feb 27, Nigerian immigration services said they have repatriated
around 11,000 foreigners mainly from Niger and Chad over the past six months to
curb a growing Islamist insurgency. Gunmen in the north killed three policemen
when they hurled explosives and opened fire on a police station in Jama'are,
Bauchi state.
(AFP, 2/27/12)(AFP, 2/28/12)


2012 Mar 12, Belgium launched a bid in the UN's highest court to force
Senegal to bring Hissene Habre, dubbed "Africa's Pinochet", to trial for crimes
against humanity or to extradite him. The former Chad president was offered safe
haven in Senegal after his overthrow in 1990.
(AFP, 3/12/12)


2012 Apr 10, UN children's aid organization UNICEF led a cross-agency
appeal for funds for the Sahel region (parts of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali,
Mauritania and Niger) where 15 million are suffering from malnutrition.
(AFP, 4/10/12)


2012 Apr 23, Aid agencies said they are facing a multi-million dollar
funding shortage to deal with a food crisis in the Sahel where people are
resorting to increasingly desperate measures to survive. The crisis has so far
affected Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger.
(AFP, 4/23/12)


2012 Apr 27, The UN food agency appealed to oil- and mineral-rich nations
to set up a fund to combat the food crisis gripping the Sahel desert region
(Chad, Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger) and other parts of Africa. The
group said it needed $110 million (83 million euros) to combat the crisis in the
short term.
(AFP, 4/27/12)


2012 Apr 30, Chad called for the 16-nation Lake Chad Basin Commission to
set up a joint force tasked with containing the Nigerian Islamist group Boko
Haram.
(AFP, 4/30/12)


2012 Jun 24, In the Central African Republic a violent clash pitted CAR
troops against an unidentified group of armed men attempting to launch an
assault on the site of a uranium plant operated by French mining company Areva.
The armed men were believed to be members of the Chadian rebel Popular Front for
Recovery (FPR) led by 'General' Baba Ladde. The rebels seized five French
nationals and two locals.
(AFP, 6/25/12)(AP, 6/26/12)


2012 Jul 20, The United Nations' highest court ordered Senegal to
prosecute former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre on torture charges "without
further delay" if the country does not extradite him to Belgium.
(AP, 7/20/12)


2012 Jul 26, The UN's food agency said 10 Central African countries have
agreed to take part in a regional initiative to monitor the Congo Basin, one of
the world's largest primary rainforests. They included Burundi, Cameroon,
Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo,
Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe.
(AFP, 7/26/12)


2012 Aug 22, Senegal and the African Union finalized a deal on how to try
Hissene Habre, a former Chadian dictator, who is accused of ordering thousands
of political opponents to be tortured or killed.
(AP, 8/23/12)


2012 Sep 1, Chad warned that flooding of vast fields of crops and locust
infestations had added to a severe food crisis in a country already battling
chronic malnutrition.
(AFP, 9/1/12)


2012 Sep 3, CAR officials said that Gen. Baba Ladde, a rebel leader from
Chad known by his nickname "The Father of the Bush," has turned himself in to
authorities in the capital of the Central African Republic.
(AP, 9/3/12)


2012 Dec 6, Nearly 2,000 Chadian refugees, who fled a 2008 civil war
between rebels and government forces into Cameroon, began leaving their camp to
return to their home country.
(AP, 12/6/12)


2012 Dec 16, Libya's parliament voted to close the country's borders with
Sudan, Niger and Chad, declaring the south a restricted military area. Four
policemen were shot dead in the eastern city of Benghazi when gunmen fired
rocket-propelled grenades on a security compound there.
(AP, 12/16/12)


2012 Dec 18, Some 2,000 soldiers from Chad arrived to help the government
of Central African Republic fight a rapidly advancing rebel movement, as the
fighters claimed to have seized a sixth town.
(AP, 12/19/12)


2012 Dec 19, Senegal's national assembly adopted a much-anticipated law,
which creates a special tribunal to try ex-Chadian dictator Hissene Habre. This
was the first step in ending 22 years of impunity that began when the deposed
former president fled to Senegal, leaving behind a country strewn with mass
graves.
(AP, 12/19/12)


2013 Feb 5, In Mali troops from France and Chad moved into Kidal in an
effort to secure the strategic northern city.
(AP, 2/5/13)


2013 Feb 8, Senegal officially launched its tribunal investigating former
Chadian dictator Hissene Habre for alleged crimes against humanity, a move
rights groups called a decisive turning point in the campaign to bring him to
justice.
(AP, 2/8/13)


2013 Feb 12, Two French aid workers were convicted of fraud and sentenced
to 2 years in prison for trying to bring 103 children from central Africa to
France for adoption, claiming they were orphans from Darfur. Four other Zoe's
Ark members were convicted of trying to bring foreign minors into France, but
given suspended sentences ranging from 6 months to a year. The six workers were
arrested in Chad in 2007 as they sought to put the children on a plane.
(AP, 2/12/13)


2013 Feb 22, In northern Mali Chadian army troops killed 65 Islamic
extremist rebels and destroyed five vehicles in fierce fighting. 13 Chadian
soldiers were killed in the fighting.
(AP, 2/23/13)


2013 Mar 1, Chadian President Idriss Deby announced that government
troops fighting to dislodge an al-Qaida affiliate in northern Mali killed one of
the group's leading commanders, Abdelhamid Abou Zeid. On March 23 France
confirmed Zeid’s death and said he was killed in operations in the Adrar des
Ifoghas mountains in northern Mali in late February.
(AP, 3/1/13)(AP, 3/23/13)


2013 Mar 2, Chad's military chief announced that his troops deployed in
northern Mali had killed Moktar Belmoktar, the terrorist who orchestrated the
attack on a natural gas plant in Algeria that left 36 foreigners dead.
(AP, 3/2/13)


2013 Mar 15, In southwestern Chad over the last 24 hours at least 86
elephants, including 33 pregnant females, were killed by poachers for the ivory
of their tusks.
(Econ, 4/20/13, p.47)


2013 Apr 12, In northern Mali a suicide bombing by members of an al-Qaida
branch in North Africa killed at least three soldiers from Chad. Two suicide
bombers were killed in the operation, and many civilians were injured in the
attack.
(AP, 4/12/13)


2013 Apr 15, Chadian President Idriss Deby said his country's troops are
pulling out of Mali three months after the French-led mission to oust
al-Qaida-linked militants began.
(AP, 4/15/13)


2013 Jul 2, In Senegal a special tribunal charged former Chad dictator
Hissene Habre with crimes against humanity, over two decades after his arrival
in the west African country.
(AP, 7/2/13)


2013 Sep 18, In northern Mali a company of about 150 Chadian soldiers of
the UN peacekeeping force abandoned their posts in protest at the length of time
they have served.
(Reuters, 9/18/13)


2013 Oct 17, The UN General Assembly elected five new members to the
Security Council. The uncontested seats included Chad, Chile, Lithuania, Nigeria
and Saudi Arabia.
(AP, 10/17/13)


2013 Oct 23, In Mali a suicide bomber killed two Chadian troops from the
UN peacekeeping mission and injured six others in an attack on a checkpoint at
the entry to the northern town of Tessalit.
(Reuters, 10/23/13)


2013 Nov 14, In Sudan a number of Chadian troops in a joint force with
Sudan were killed battling tribal fighters in the troubled Darfur region.
(AFP, 11/16/13)


2013 Nov 21, Chad's PM Joseph Djimrangar Dadnadji offered his resignation
to Pres. Idriss Deby after his party proposed a motion of no confidence in him,
accusing him of ordering arbitrary arrests of his deputies.
(AFP, 11/21/13)


2013 Dec 23, In the Central African Republic Chadian peacekeepers opened
fire on a crowd demonstrating against their presence, killing one person and
injuring several others in Bangui.
(Reuters, 12/23/13)


2013 Dec 25, In the Central African Republic a spokesman for MISCA, the
peacekeeping force, said Chadian troops will be redeployed from Bangui amid
charges they were siding with a former rebel group.
(AFP, 12/25/13)


2014 Jan 9, In Chad African leaders began talks to tackle the sectarian
violence wracking the Central African Republic, with the pressure piling on the
country's embattled Pres. Michel Djotodia.
(AFP, 1/9/14)


2014 Jan 10, Central African Republic's interim President Michel Djotodia
and his prime minister resigned, according to a statement issued after a two-day
summit in neighboring Chad. Alexsandre-Ferdinand Nguendet took over as Acting
President.
(Reuters, 1/10/14)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.50)



2014 Jan 14, The UN human rights office said a UN human rights team has
gathered testimony that Chadian citizens, including peacekeepers, carried out
mass killings during chaotic violence in the Central African Republic. The team
also received reports that French disarmament of ex-Seleka forces left Muslim
communities vulnerable.
(Reuters, 1/14/14)


2014 Jan 21, France said it will create new outposts and broaden its
military presence in Africa's turbulent Sahel region to better fight the terror
threat from extremist groups like al-Qaida. Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian
said France is moving toward a regional counterterrorism approach in former
colonies like Chad, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Niger and Mali.
(AP, 1/21/14)


2014 Feb 24, In Central African Republic Chadian peacekeepers shot dead 3
civilians in a Christian neighborhood of Bangui.
(Reuters, 2/24/14)


2014 Mar 29, In Central African Republic Chadian soldiers, sent to
repatriate their compatriots, killed at least 8 civilians when they opened fire
on crowds in Bangui. Chadian troops were accused of killing 32 civilians when
they opened fire on a crowd.
(AFP, 3/30/14)(AP, 4/3/14)


2014 Apr 3, Chadian officials said they are withdrawing their
peacekeepers from the regional mission in Central African Republic.
(AP, 4/3/14)


2014 May 8, France said it will deploy 3,000 soldiers to combat Islamist
violence in the vast and largely lawless Sahel region to pursue
counter-terrorism in north Mali, the north of Niger and in Chad.
(AFP, 5/8/14)


2014 May 12, Chad announced it was shutting down its southern border with
the strife-wracked Central African Republic until the conflict in the poor,
landlocked nation is resolved.
(AFP, 5/12/14)


2014 May 17, France and five African countries (Benin, Cameroon, Chad,
Niger and Nigeria) declared war on the Boko Haram extremist Islamic sect. West
African leaders met in Paris to improve cooperation in the fight against Boko
Haram and other militant groups.
(Reuters, 5/17/14)(SSFC, 5/18/14, p.A5)


2014 Jul 1, The UN warned that nearly 800,000 refugees in Africa have had
their food rations slashed by up to 60 percent, threatening to push many to the
brink of starvation. The situation was most dire for the 300,000 refugees in
Chad, mainly from Sudan's Darfur region and from the Central African Republic.
(AP, 7/1/14)


2014 Jul 16, Medical charity MSF said a survey of nearly 33,000 Central
African refugees in neighboring Chad had shown 8 percent questioned had lost at
least one member of their family. The report said refugees reported 2,599 deaths
between November 2013 and April 2014.
(Reuters, 7/16/14)


2014 Jul 17, French President Francois Hollande began a visit to Ivory
Coast to boost economic ties with a nation emerging from a long conflict that
divided it and set back production. Ivory Coast still hosts hundreds of French
companies. His 3-day tour proceeded to Niger and Chad.
(AFP, 7/17/14)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.45)


2014 Jul 23, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria pledged to mobilize a
joint force to tackle the growing regional threat posed by Boko Haram Islamist
militants operating mainly in Nigeria.
(Reuters, 7/24/14)


2014 Aug 10, In Nigeria Boko Haram abducted some 100 young men and
several women in Doron Baga in the Kukawa area near the border with Chad. 28
older men were reported killed. The terrorists were stopped as they crossed the
Chad border by Chadian soldiers who killed most of them and set free 65 men and
22 women. More than 30 were still suspected to be held by the extremists.
(AP, 8/15/14)(Reuters, 8/15/14)(AFP, 8/16/14)


2014 Sep 18, In Mali 5 Chadian peacekeepers died and three others were
injured when their truck was hit by an explosive device.
(AFP, 9/19/14)
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
 
Chad History Timeline in the 21st Centuary
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1
 مواضيع مماثلة
-
» History of Chad (1900-1999
» Timeline of Norway History
» Netherlands History Timeline
» A Short Timeline for Switzeland History
»  A Short timeline for the History of Russia

صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى
منتدي لآلـــئ :: English :: Africa-
انتقل الى: