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 من 100000 ق م تنازلياً إلي 5000 ق م

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
البدراني
عضو فعال
البدراني


عدد المساهمات : 3882
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/08/2009

من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: من 100000 ق م تنازلياً إلي 5000 ق م   من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Icon_minitimeالخميس أغسطس 04, 2011 5:59 am


100000 ق م



100000BC

The last high stand of the sea at the middle coast of California was about this time. (GH-CEH, p.20)
100000BC In 2008 DNA evidence indicated that much of the human population had descended from a small band of migrants that left Africa for the Middle East about this time.
(SFC, 2/22/08, p.A4)


------------------------------------------
100000BC


Neanderthal man began to bury his dead.
(NG, Nov. 1985, R. Leakey & A. Walker, p.629)


------------------------------------------
100000BC


Spear-like tools are found in eastern Zaire near Lake Rutanzige. Three sites along the Semlike River in the Katanda region of Africa's Great Rift Valley show tools made from the rib bones of large mammals. The tools have rows of barbs cut along one edge of the bone. New testing techniques for age determination were used; i.e. thermoluminescence, electron spin resonance, and uranium series dating. The three ranges were: 180,000BC-75,000; 160,000BC-89,000; and 173,000BC-139,000. [see 88k]
(SFC, 4/28/95, p.A-1)


------------------------------------------
100000BC


Small stone tools found in Gaojia near Fengdu on the banks of the Yangtze indicate a tool workshop. More than a 1,000 tools have been found and were probably used to collect roots.
(NH, 7/96, p.32)


------------------------------------------
c100000BC


In 1943 construction workers in Millbrae, Ca., uncovered elephant bones that dated to about this time.
(Ind, 9/21/02, 5A)


------------------------------------------
100000BC


About this time another major earthquake in Hawaii caused a large tsunami that crossed the Pacific in 4 hours and up the shoreline of Japan for 300 yards. [see 200,000BC]
(SFC, 2/17/97, p.A4)


------------------------------------------
100000BC


The Caribbean rodent Amblyrhiza, a 300-pound rat, died out about this time.
(NH, 4/97, p.84)


------------------------------------------
100000BC


Hunters stalked giant camels in the Syrian desert about this time. Bones of the “Syrian Camel,” as tall as some modern-day elephants, were discovered 150 miles north of Damascus in 2005.
(AP, 10/11/06)


------------------------------------------

100,00BC-80000BC


In 2007 a human skull from this time, consisting of 16 pieces, was dug up after two years of excavation at a site in Xuchang in China’s Henan province.
(AFP, 1/23/08)
------------------------------------------
100000BC-50000BC


The 200-pound Genyornis newtoni, an ostrich-like bird, and the 25-foot Megalonia lizard were among the megafauna that flourished in Australia during this period.
(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A2)
------------------------------------------
100000BC-35000BC


This is the approximate Mousterian cultural period.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 447)


------------------------------------------
100000BC-35000BC


This is the Middle Paleolithic.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 447)






95000 ق م




95000BC

In 2003 a 3-foot-tall adult female skeleton was found in a cave believed to be 18,000 years old on the equatorial island of Flores, located east of Java and northwest of Australia. Scientists named the extinct species Homo floresiensis. Scientists in 2005 said the group emerged some 95,000 years earlier and went extinct about 12,000 years ago.
(AP, 10/27/04)(SFC, 10/28/04, p.A1)(SFC, 3/4/05, p.A2)








90000 ق م






90000BC

An Israeli-French team working in Israel use the technique of thermoluminescence to show early modern humans from Qafzeh cave. A Neandertal from Kebara cave showed an age of 60,000 years. The study was meant to find out the relationship between the two groups.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 460)


-------------------------------------------------
90000BC


Humans migrated into the Levant if not Europe proper by this time.
(NH, 7/96, p.72)


-------------------------------------------------
90000BC


Potassium-argon dating and thermoluminescence can be used to date pieces of pottery back to about this time.
(SFEC, 12/15/96, BR p.7)



88000 ق م




88000BC

The Katanda site in Zaire (Congo) was dated to this time. Evidence in the 1990s showed bone points showed barbs on 3 edges and rings carved in the base to tie them to shafts.
(SFC, 1/11/02, p.A2)



80000 ق م









حوالي 80000 ق.م.

التاريخ المحتمل لوصول الإنسان إلى غرب آسيا والشرق الأدنى.

====================
80000BC

In 1983 an international expedition of American, Polish and Egyptian anthropologists in the Aswan region unexpectedly came upon the skeleton of a prehistoric man thought to be about 80,000 years old, the oldest human skeleton ever found in Egypt. Early modern humans were present in the Levant between 130,000-80,000 BP.
(http://tinyurl.com/2l2rmz)(www.athenapub.com/8shea1.htm)
-------------------------------------------------
80000BC-70000BC


The human population declined suddenly according to evidence from the mutation rate of mitochondria evaluated in 2000. The survivors provided the gene pool for all humans thereafter.
(DC, 7/1/00)



75000 ق م





75 ألف سنة قبل الميلاد

ثقافة الاشوليان (الثقافة الأشولية) .

------------------------------
75000BC


In 2002 evidence from the Blombos Cave in South Africa indicated possible symbolic thinking. Sophisticated tools of stone and carve bone had etchings that indicated complex behavior. Evidence of ornamental bead-making was reported in 2004.
(SFC, 1/11/02, p.A2)(SFC, 4/16/04, p.A2)


-------------------------------------------------


75000BC

Human head lice and body lice diverged about this time, which means that human clothing began about this time.
(Econ, 12/24/05, Survey p.7)









72000 ق م





72000 – 10000 ق.م.

العصر الجليدي السادس على الأرض.



74000 ق م




74000BC The major Toba volcanic eruption occurred in Sumatra about this time. It was later believed that this eruption caused a major temperature drop and reduction in the human population. An ice age soon followed. Analysis of mitochondrial DNA seemed to corroborate a significant reduction in human population around this time.
(DC, 9/2/02)(Econ, 12/24/05, Survey p.9)



70000 ق م




70000BC

Two Neanderthal skulls from France of this time were later found. They had a hypoglossal canal the size of modern humans, which was thought to be indicative of speech.
(SFC, 4/28/98, p.A5)


-------------------------------------------------
70000BC


Genetic studies in 2008 estimated that the human population at this time may have shrunk to as low as 2000 in Eastern Africa due to a long period of severe droughts there.
(WSJ, 4/25/08, p.A2)



65000 ق م




c65000BC

Geneticists in 2005 used DNA evidence to conclude that human emigration from Africa took place about this time from the southern end of the Red Sea and then pushing along the coast of India and Southeast Asia. The Orang Asli people of Malaysia likely descended from this 1st migration.
(SFC, 5/13/05, p.A7)(Econ, 12/24/05, Survey p.5)



60000 ق م




60000BC

A Neandertal from Kebara cave (Israel) showed an age of 60,000 years. An Israeli-French team working in Israel use the technique of thermoluminescence to study the relationship between early humans and Neandertals.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 460)


-------------------------------------------------
60000BC


At Shanidar, a large cave in the Zagros mountains of northeastern Iraq soil samples from a grave of a [Neanderthal] man of this time indicated pollen grains from 8 different types of flowers. [2nd ref dated at c.10,000BC]
(WH, 1994, p.21)(SFEM, 6/7/98, p.52)
-------------------------------------------------
60000BC-10000BC


The Acheulian Age or early Stone Age culture lasted over this period.
(Enc. of Africa, 1976, p.165)



57000 ق م




57000BC

Scientists in 2000 estimated that a Y-chromosome African male, nicknamed Adam, dated to about this time. Genetic analysis traced all modern human males back to this ancestor.
(NH, 3/1/04, p.34)(NG, 8/04, p.42)



53000 ق م




53000BC-50000BC

During this period the first humans migrated to Australia from the islands of Indonesia. It is believed that they came in bamboo rafts from Indonesia and also from southern China.
(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A2)(NG, Oct. 1988, p.467)
-------------------------------------------------
53000BC-45000BC


Australia's early human population wiped out the continent's megafauna over this period.
(SFC, 6/8/01, p.A8)
-------------------------------------------------
53000BC-27000BC


Prehuman fossils from a site on the Solo River near the Javanese town of Ngandong were dated in 1996 to this period, and identified as belonging to the species of Homo erectus. Brain size was equivalent to modern humans.
(SFC, 12/13/96, p.A4)(NH, 4/97, p.70)(NH, 9/97, p.6)



51000 ق م




51000BC

The fossil of a Diprotodon, a giant marsupial from this time, was excavated in 2001 from Cox's Creek in New South Wales.
(SFC, 6/8/01, p.A8)



50000 ق م




50000BC

Homo sapiens sapiens, man the doubly wise, appeared about this time. In 2000 DNA evidence indicated that modern man evolved out of Africa as recently as this time.
(NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.5)(SFC, 12/7/00, p.A3)


-------------------------------------------------
50000BC


The stone age culture of Papua New Guinea goes back this time.
(SFC, 5/29/96, p.A8)


-------------------------------------------------
50000BC


Arizona’s Barringer Crater was created about this time by a meteor. Named after mining engineer Daniel Barringer, it measures 3/4 of a mile wide and 640 feet deep and is suspected to have resulted from a meteor of about 100 feet in diameter. An iron meteor 100 feet in diameter and weighing about 60,000 tons crashed into the desert at about 45,000 miles per hour near Winslow, Az. A crater 4,000 feet wide and 570 feet deep was created. 85% of it melted and the rest broke into bits called Canyon Diablo meteorites.
(SFC, 7/2/99, p.A7)(www.barringercrater.com/science/)



-------------------------------------------------
50000BC-40000BC


Homo sapiens (Neandertal). Skull of adult male found by D. Peyrony and L. Capitan at La Ferrassie, France in 1909. Neandertal is the German site of discovery in 1856.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p. 573)


-------------------------------------------------
50000BC-40000BC


A Homo neanderthalensis skull was found at the Amud cave in Israel in 1961.
(NH, 4/97, p.22)
-------------------------------------------------
50000BC-20000BC


Archaeologists later identified evidence of stone age technology in Aq Kupruk, and Hazar Sum dating to this period. Plant remains at the foothill of the Hindu Kush mountains indicate, that North Afghanistan was one of the earliest places to domestic plants and animals.
(www.afghan, 5/25/98)


---------------------------------------





48000 ق م




48000BC

In 2004 archeologists claimed to have found evidence of human habitation at a site along the Savannah River in Allendale County, SC.
(SFC, 11/18/04, p.A7)


-------------------------------------------------
c48000BC


An iron meteor 100 feet in diameter and weighing about 60,000 tons crashed into the desert at about 45,000 miles per hour near Winslow, Az. near the current Lowell Observatory. Meteor Crater measured 4,000 feet wide and 570 feet deep. 85% of it melted and the rest broke into bits called Canyon Diablo meteorites. This was the first crater to be identified as being caused by a meteor.
(SFC, 7/2/99, p.A7)


-------------------------------------------------
c48000BC


Charcoal from camp fires in the Pedra Faruda site of Piaui state, Brazil, were carbon dated in 1987 to this time.
(SFEC, 2/20/00, p.A18)
-------------------------------------------------
48000BC-44000BC


In Australia about 85% of the land-dwelling megafauna weighing over 100 pounds went extinct about this time. It was later suspected that systematic burning of the forests by humans contributed to the extinction. Some 55 species died off including the 230-pound flightless "thunder bird" called Genyornis.
(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A2)(SFC, 6/8/01, p.A8)



--------------------------------------

48000BC

استيطان استراليا

Australia has been inhabited for at least 50,000 years

It was first inhabited by the remote Asian ancestors of the current Australian Aboriginal people

Australia not discovered by Europeans until the 17th century

45000 ق م




45000BC

The extinction of most of Australia’s large animals occurred about this time, shortly after the arrival of humans.
(SFC, 7/8/05, p.A2)
-------------------------------------------------
45,000BC-42,000BC


Archeologists in 2007 reported on human teeth, tools, beads, carved ivory and other artifacts dug up at the Kostenki archeological site on the Don River in Russia, about 250 miles south of Moscow. They dated these artifacts to 45,000 to 42,000 years ago, an age similar to other items found in Western Europe.
(Reuters, 1/11/07)
-------------------------------------------------
43000BC


A flute-like instrument made of bear bone was found by archeologist Janez Dirjec at the Divje Babe site in the valley of the Idrijca River in Slovenia. It was believed to be about 45,000 years old.
(SFC, 10/31/96, p.A12)


-------------------------------------------------
c43000BC


About this time some 7 women led to the descendants of the population of modern Europe. In 2001 geneticist Bryan Sykes authored "The Seven Daughters of Eve."
(WSJ, 7/13/01, p.W16)


-------------------------------------------------
43000BC


Scientitsts in 2008 reported that one of two genetically distinct mammoth groups went extinct about this time.
(www.science.psu.edu/alert/Schuster6-2008.htm)



41000 ق م




41000BC

Scholars surmised that diggers in Africa's Swaziland began to seek iron about this time.
(SFEC, 5/11/97, Z1 p.7)


-------------------------------------------------
41000BC


In 2006 archeologists reported evidence of cannibalism about this time from Neanderthal bones at the El Sidron cave in the Asturias region of Spain.
(SFC, 12/11/06, p.A1)


-------------------------------------------------
41000BC


The skull of a giant kangaroo dating to this time was found in a cave in the thick rainforest of the rugged northwest of Tasmania in 2000. Scientists used the skull to argue that that man likely hunted to death the giant kangaroo and other very large animals on the southern island of Tasmania.
(AP, 8/12/08)



40700 ق م




40700BC

In 1992 rock engravings in South Australia are carbon dated at 42,700 years.
(SF E&C, 1/15/1995, T-4)



40000 ق م



40 الف سنة قبل الميلاد

ثقافة الموستريان (الثقافة الموستيرية).

----------------------------------------

40 الف سنة قبل الميلاد

التاريخ المحتمل لوصول الإنسان إلى استراليا.

==========================


40000BC

This date approximately marks the Aurignacian cultural period represented by characteristic stone and bone tool kits.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 447)(AM, 7/00, p.30)


-------------------------------------------------
40000BC


The oldest Asian Homo sapiens are about this age.
(NH, 4/97, p.70)


-------------------------------------------------
40000BC


The earliest evidence for personal ornaments appeared in anatomically modern humans about this time.
(AM, 7/00, p.30)


-------------------------------------------------
40000BC


The bones of a Neanderthal baby from this time were found in southwestern France in 1914. The "Le Moustier 2" bones were put away and re-discovered in 1996.
(SFC, 9/5/02, p.A16)


-------------------------------------------------
40000BC


In later Washington state Mount St. Helens was born and intermittent eruptions continued to about 500BC.
(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A15)


-------------------------------------------------
c40000BC


Volcanic activity began forming the craters and mountains around Mono Lake, Ca.
(PacDis, Summer '97, p.2)
-------------------------------------------------



40000BC-20000BC

DNA evidence indicated that 4 distinct population lineages entered the New World across the Bering Sea during this period.
(SFC, 2/17/98, p.A2)


-------------------------------------------------
40,000BC-12,000BC


A great river of ice formed in Oregon’s Wallowa Valley. The moraines around Wallowa Lake remained after the glacier melted.
(SSFC, 7/9/06, p.G4)


-------------------------------------------------
40000BC-2000


Sea level seems to have dropped at least four times in this period.
(DD-EVTT, p.300)



39000 ق م




39000BC

In 2005 scientists suggested that a supernova took place about this time at a distance of 250 light years from Earth. A shock wave of iron rich grains hit Earth 7,000 years later. Slower debris accumulated into comet-like objects. They suggested that one may have hit North America about 11,000BC and caused the extinction of mammoths.
(SFC, 9/24/05, p.B2)





38000 ق م





الأمريكان الأول يبدأون عبور القنطرة الأرضية بين قارة آسيا وقارة أمريكا الشمالية بعد انتهاء عصر الجليد حيث كان الثلج يغطي ربوع كوكب الأرض





-----------------------------------------------------------


38000BC

Stone-age humans came to Europe, probably from central Asia and the Middle East, in 2 waves of migration that began about this time. DNA evidence from Y-chromosomes in 2000 CE suggested that 4 of 5 European men shared a common ancestor from this 1st wave.
(SFC, 11/10/00, p.A7)


---------------------------
c38,000BC


In 2003 British scientists found 40,000-year-old human footprints in central Mexico, shattering theories that mankind arrived in the Americas tens of thousands of years later from Asia. The footprints were found in an abandoned quarry close to the Cerro Toluquilla volcano and were subsequently studied and dated by a multinational team of scientists.
(AFP, 7/5/05)


-------------------------
38000BC


The carbon dating process can be used to date specimens that were alive as long as 40,000 years ago.
(SFEC, 12/15/96, BR p.7)


------------------
c38000BC Volcanic activity on Kauai, Ha., ended about this time.
(SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T6)


-------------------------------------------------
38000BC


One group of wooly mammoths died off in North America about this time for unknown reasons. The demise of a 2nd group took place about 10,900BC.
(SFC, 6/14/07, p.A22)
-------------------------------------------------



38000BC

1996 Scientists in Australia said that they found a shrub in Tasmania that began growing 40,000 years ago. Dubbed "King's Holly," the plant clones itself and now covers 2 secluded river gullies in the remote southwest.
(SFC, 10/26/96, p.A17)
35000 ق م



قبل 37000

وحتى 17000 سنة مضت

فان صحراء الربع الخالي التي مساحتها 650 ألف كيلو متر مربع كانت مغطاة بالمروج والأنهار العذبة



، ثم بعد ذلك : حدث تغير في المناخ، وتشكلت الصحراء من جديد،





==============================

36000 ق م




36000BC

A woolly mammoth died on the Texas Gulf Coast. It was unearthed in 2004 and tentatively dated to this time.
(AP, 1/13/04)
-------------------------------------------------
36000BC-34000BC


In 2002 the jawbone of a cave-man living in what is now Romania was found in Pestera cu Oase. It was reported as the oldest fossil from an early modern human to be found in Europe and was carbon-dated to this time.
(AP, 9/22/03)



35000 ق م







حوالي 35000 ق.م.

التاريخ المحتمل لوصول الإنسان إلى أوروبا.

========================


35000BC

Human kind does not seem to have been addicted to war throughout its history on earth. Paleontologists believe that before about 35,000BC men many have dealt with one another the way higher apes do today. There is conflict among the higher apes, but no warfare.
(V.D.-H.K.p.408)


-------------------------------------------------
35000BC


This date approximately marks the Neandertal Chatelperronian cultural period with characteristics copied from Aurignacian neighbors.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 447)(AM, 7/00, p.30)


-------------------------------------------------
35000BC


In 2008 archeologists unearthed tools dating back at least 35,000 years in a rock shelter in Australia's remote northwest, making it one of the oldest archaeological finds in that part of the country.
(AP, 4/7/08)
-------------------------------------------------
35000BC-23000BC


In Australia Aboriginal rock paintings were made as far back as this time.
(SFEC, 2/28/99, p.T4)


-------------------------------------------------
35000BC-10000BC


The Upper Paleolithic Period. There was considerable variation in the types of tools that were used and according to prehistorian J.D. Clark, a new self-awareness or concern for matters that had no relation to fulfilling biological needs. This is shown by the burial of the dead together with food and weapons.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 447)(Enc. of Africa, 1976, p.165)


-------------------------------------------------
35000BC-10000BC


A rich Paleolithic site, Diuktai Cave, was discovered on the Aldan, a tributary of the Lena in Siberia by Dr. Yuri Mochanov ~1968.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p.464)
-------------------------------------------------






34000 ق م



34000BC

A Neanderthal skeleton from this time was found near the village of St. Cesaire, France, in 1979. It indicated survival following a fractured skull.
(WSJ, 4/23/02, p.B1)


---------------------------------------
34000BC

Researchers have confirmed that Neanderthals of this time in central France had more sophisticated stone tools than their predecessors. The tools may have been acquired by trade with Cro-Magnons. The site of the artifacts was Auxierre, France.
(SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-7)



33000 ق م




33000BC

In 2004 archaeologists of the University of Tuebingen said a 35,000BC-year-old flute made from a woolly mammoth's ivory tusk had been unearthed in a German cave and pieced together from 31 fragments.
(AP, 12/11/04)


-------------------------------------------------


33000BC

About this time scattered hunter-gatherer groups underwent a cultural revolution. For the first time, humans began to create symbols of themselves, of the animals around them, and perhaps of the passage of time.
(NG, Oct. 1988 , p. 440)




-------------------------------------------------
c33000BC


About this time, or more recently, a catastrophic earthquake carved out the Golden Gate and the waters of the Pacific rushed into the exposed plain to form the SF Bay. [see 8000BC]
(SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)



-------------------------------------------------
33000BC-9000BC


Europe's Upper Paleolithic age.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 440)
================================
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
البدراني
عضو فعال
البدراني


عدد المساهمات : 3882
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/08/2009

من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: من 100000 ق م تنازلياً إلي 5000 ق م   من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Icon_minitimeالخميس أغسطس 04, 2011 10:30 pm


32000 ق م

32000BC
Late Neandertal skeleton excavated in 1979 CE at St. Cesaire in southwestern France, and studied by French anthropologist Bernard Vandermeersch. The associated stone tools found with the remains were those of Upper Paleolithic man, who displaced the Neandertals.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p.615-616)
-------------------------------------------------
32000BC-21000BC


In 2004 Some 70 clay hearths of this age were identified in a single cave in the northwestern Peloponnese.
(Arch, 1/05, p.13)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------



31000 ق م

31000BC
In the northern Moluccas humans were visiting the coastal caves of Golo and Wetef on Gebe Island at this time.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.21)

-------------------------------------------------
31000BC

Stone tools from Monte Verde, Chile, indicate that people lived there about this time.
(SFC, 5/23/98, p.A13)


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



30400 ق م

c30400BC
Radiocarbon date for the Cave paintings at Chauvet, France. The first period of cave art is called Aurignacian.
(NH, 7/96, p.18,70)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

30000 ق م

استعمال النار في الطهو


30000BC
An ivory pendant strung by a hole at the narrow end bears rows of dots, a common motif 32,000 years ago.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 451)

-------------------------------------------------
30000BC

Carved body of a man whose arms bear striations was excavated from a cave at Hohlenstein, West Germany. The head is shaped as a lion muzzle.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p.467)

-------------------------------------------------
30000BC-22000BC

This marks approximately the Gravettian cultural period. [see 26-20k]
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 447)

-------------------------------------------------

30000BC-14000BC

Scientists in 2007 said that prevailing winds in North America during this period blew from the East Coast. The Laurentide Ice Sheet covered much of the eastern two-thirds of the continent deep into the Midwest and the later Middle Atlantic states.
(SFC, 2/15/07, p.A20)

=====================================
حوالي 30000 ق.م.
بداية العصر الحجري القديم الأعلى. وظهور الفن التصويري على جدران الكهوف.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



29000 ق م


c29000BC
Bones with Neanderthal traits from this time were later found in a cave in Mladec, Czech Republic. Some scientists believed they represented interbreeding between Neanderthals and Home Sapiens.
(SSFC, 6/19/05, p.F2)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

28000 ق م


28,000BC Neanderthals persisted to about this time at the site of Zafarraya in Andalucia, Spain.
(Arch, 9/00, p.53)

--------------------------
28000BC In 2001 Russian and Norwegian archeologists reported evidence that date to about this time of humans camped at Mamontovaya Kurya on the Usa River at the Arctic circle. A tusk was dated at 36,600 years of age and plant remains at 30,000.
(SFC, 9/6/01, p.E2)

-------------------------
28000BC In 2003 Russian scientists reported evidence of a hunting site on the Yana River, Siberia, 300 miles north of the Arctic Circle that dated to about this time.
(SFC, 1/2/04, p.A2)

---------------------
28000BC The Ainu were the aboriginal inhabitants of the Japanese islands back to this time. They had European features, wavy hair and thick beards before they intermarried with the Japanese.
(SFC, 8/23/97, p.A10)

------------------------------
28000BC Homo sapiens (modern). Skull of adult male found by French workmen (L. Lartet) at Cro-Magnon, France in 1868.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p. 573)

------------------------
28000BC The Cussac cave in France was found in 2000 to contain drawings from this time. Bones of 5 people from the Neolithic era were also found.
(SFC, 7/5/01, p.A8)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

28800 ق م


28800BC-12200BC Analysis of core sediment from the bottom of Lake Pata in the western Amazon River basin in 1996 indicated that the area remained covered with lush tropical rain forest during this time of maximum glacial coverage in the northern latitudes.
(LSA, Spg/97, p.32)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

27000 ق م

----------------------

27000BC
In 2000 DNA analysis of a Neanderthal infant skeleton from this time showed a 7% difference in DNA to modern humans, which indicated that modern humans did not descend from them.
(SFC, 3/29/00, p.A8)(WSJ, 3/29/00, p.A1)



27000BC-26000BC Neanderthals lived in Croatia. Their remains were later found at the Vindija cave and dated to this time in 1999 with accelerator radiocarbon dating.
(SFC, 10/26/99, p.B3)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

26000 ق م


26000BC
France's Dordogne Valley is the site of caves in Le Conte cliff where items such as the illustrated ivory bead or button have been found.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 451)

-------------------------------------------------
26000BC

Experts in 2006 reported that charcoal evidence indicated that small bands of Neanderthals took refuge in Gorham’s Cave in Gibraltar about this time.
(SFC, 9/14/06, p.A9)

-------------------------------------------------

26000BC
In Sungir, an open-air settlement northeast of later-day Moscow, people were being buried with thousands of carved ivory beads and little wheel-shaped bone ornaments.
(Econ, 12/22/07, p.131)

-------------------------------------------------

26000BC-20000BC

This marks approximately the Gravettian (see 30-22k) cultural period. It was named after the southern French site of La Gravette.
(AM, 9/01, p.12)

-------------------------------------------------

26000BC-16000BC
Africa’s oldest known rock art dated to about this time at a site in Namibia.
(Econ, 5/3/08, p.56)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


25000 ق م



25 ألف سنة قبل الميلاد
ثقافة الأورغناسيان (الثقافة الأورغناسية).
============================
25000BC

San Francisco and the Bay Area were home to mammoths indicating cold temperatures of an Ice Age. In 1934 a 10-pound mammoth tooth from this time was found by engineers working on the new Bay Bridge.
(SSFC, 1/15/09, DB p.43)

-------------------------------------------------

25000BC
In 2005 archaeologists in northern Austria reported finding the remains of two newborns dating back 27,000 years while excavating a hillside near Krems. The newborns were buried beneath mammoth bones and with a string of 31 beads, suggesting that the internment involved some sort of ritual.
(AP, 9/26/05)

-------------------------------------------------
25000BC

In 2006 France took over ownership of a cave in the Vilhonneur forest where a human skeleton that dated to this time was found in a decorated room.
(SFC, 6/3/06, p.A2)

-------------------------------------------------
25000BC

The earliest known atlatl dated to this time. This example from France of the device, use to throw a spear, was made of reindeer antler.
(Econ, 4/12/08, p.90)

-------------------------------------------------
25000BC

Sand rock art from Namibia, part of an art exhibit of African Art, is dated to this period.
(WSJ, 11/16/95, p.A-18)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


24000 ق م


24000BC
An early representation of a human was carved from mammoth ivory about 26,000 years ago. It was discovered in Brno, Czechoslovakia. The tiny "Venus of Dolni Vestonici," more than 25,000 years old, is the earliest known sculpture of a human figure.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 440)(SFEC, 5/23/99, DB p.43)

-------------------------------------------------
24000BC

A multiple burial was unearthed at Dolni Vestonice, Czechoslovakia. Three skeletons whose skulls were adorned with circles of arctic fox and wolf teeth and ivory beads.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p.466)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


23000 ق م

ظهر الإنسان العاقل

بأوربا في أواخر العصر الحجري. وكان قناصا وجامعا للثمار. وقد خلف وراءه آثاره التي يرجع تاريخها 25 ألف إلي 10 آلاف سنة في حوالي 200 كهف معظمها في أسبانيا وفرنسا.
------------------------------------
حوالي 23000 ق.م.
التاريخ المحتمل لوصول الإنسان إلى أمريكا الشمالية.
==========================
23000BC
An ivory head known as the Venus of Brassenpouy named after the site of its recovery in France bears distinct facial features and coiffure. A bird bone flute of similar age is here illustrated.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 449)

------------------------------------
23000BC

Homo erectus survived in Indonesia to about this time.
(Arch, 1/05, p.14)

------------------------------------
23000BC

The oldest known baked clay figurine (11 cm) is from Dolni Vestonice, now at the Moravian museum.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 459)

----------------------------------
23000BC Lake Bonneville crested and covered some 20,000 sq. miles over what is now Utah, Nevada, and Idaho.
(NH, 9/96, p.62)

-----------------------------------------
23000BC

Puget Sound off the state of Washington was carved by glaciers 25,000 years ago.
(AAM, 3/96, p.84)
--------------------------------------------------
23000BC-10000BC

The Sandia Cave in New Mexico provided human shelter back to this period and was excavated by archeologist Frank Hibben in the 1930s after it was discovered by Boy Scouts.
(SFEC, 5/30/99, p.T8)
--------------------------------------------
23000BC-18000BC

The last glacial maximum took place over this period.
(SFC, 1/2/04, p.A2)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

22500 ق م


22500BC
On Nov 28, 1998, Portuguese archeologists led by Dr. Joao Zilhao found the skeleton of a young boy (the Lagar Velho child) in the Lapedo Valley, who reportedly exhibited both Neanderthal and Homo sapiens features, the first possible hybrid to be found.
(SFEC, 4/25/99, p.A4)(AM, 7/00, p.25)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

22000 ق م


c22000BC
The last ice age began and humans in Europe retreated to Spain, the Balkans and the Ukraine.
(SFC, 11/10/00, p.A7)
-------------------------------------------------
22000BC-18000BC

This marks approximately the Solutrian cultural period. Researcher in 1999 proposed that people of this culture crossed the Atlantic from the Iberian peninsula and settled on the eastern American seaboard.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 447)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A9)


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


21000 ق م
تواجد الإنسان المصري في سيناء
لايوجد أحد بوادي النيل
الاستدلال الآثاري : سنة 1992 اكتشف الأثريون أقم هيكل عظمي لانسان مصري عمره ( 23 ألف سنة ) في وادي فيران في سيناء
==========================

c21000BC
Plant remains from this time were found at the Ohalo II site on the shore of the Sea of Galilee indicating use of barley and perhaps other grains in the human diet.
(SFC, 6/22/04, p.A3)(SFC, 8/16/04, p.A6)(Econ, 8/7/04, p.65)

-------------------------------------------------
c21000BC

In Mexico the Popocatepetl volcano erupted with a force equal to the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens in Washington.
(SFEC, 5/16/99, Z1 p.8)



21000BC-18000BC
In 2008 researchers reported that DNA evidence indicated that 95% of native Americans had descended from 6 women of this period. It was believed that the women had lived in Beringia, a land bridge that stretched from Asia to North America during this time.
(SFC, 3/14/08, p.A12)



21000BC-18000BC
The site of Kostenki by the River Don was inhabited for ~3,000 years when glaciers moved in. Shelters were built partly underground for warmth with large mammoth bones. The site was first excavated in 1879 CE and includes human burials, animal bones, female figures of limestone and ivory, necklaces of arctic fox teeth, and headbands of mammoth ivory.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 449)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

20000 ق م

20 ألف سنة قبل الميلاد.

ثقافة السوليتريان (الثقافة السوليترية)
==========================
20000BC
In Australia scientists in 2005 said hundreds of human footprints dating back 20,000 years were discovered in a dry lake bed near Willandra Lakes, southwest of Sydney.
(Reuters, 12/21/05)

========================
20000BC

Some scientists believe that ancient people from Siberia crossed the Bering land bridge about this time and began their southward migration into the Americas. In 2001 skull measurements indicated that members of the Jomon-Ainu of Japan made the first crossings.
(SFC, 5/23/98, p.A13)(SFC, 7/31/01, p.A4)
====================
20000BC-10000BC

This was a generally wet period.
(NH, 9/96, p.32)

==========================
20000BC-5000BC

In 2004 Stephen Mithen authored “After the Ice: A Global Human History,” an account of human survival during this period.
(Arch, 1/05, p.54)


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

18000 ق م

بدء المرحلة الدافئة الثالثة WARM3A في التاريخ الجيولوجي لكوكب الأرض


حوالي 18000 ق.م.
ظهور صناعة رؤوس السهام في الشرق،
==================
18000BC
ابتكار أسلحة شملت قاذف السهام
Innovations in weapon design included the spear thrower invented about this time.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 451)

------------------------------------
c18000BC
الفن التصويري للعصر الحجري القديم يبلغ أوجه.

--------------------------------------------------------------
c18000BC

In 1999 a French-led expedition chopped clear the fully preserved carcass of a 20 thousand-year-old woolly mammoth, the "Jarkov Mammoth," from the permafrost of Siberia at Khatanga, Russia.
(SFC, 10/21/99, p.A1)

-------------------------------------------------
c18000BC

Researchers in 1999 proposed that Solutrean people crossed the Atlantic from the Iberian peninsula and settled on the eastern American seaboard.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 447)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A9)

-------------------------------------------------

c18000BC
In Zimbabwe caves in the Matopos Hills were decorated with paintings.
(WSJ, 12/9/98, p.A13)

-------------------------------------------------
18000BC-11000BC

This marks approximately the Magdalenian cultural period. It was named after the site of La Madeleine, France, marked by fine art and tool-making and the use of bone for harpoons, spear points, and other purposes.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 489,495)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


17800 ق م


17800BC-12800BC
Tasmania, a Paleolithic site was filled with bones and stones and the charcoal from cooking hearths. The remains are 90% wallaby and 8% wombat.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p.466)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


17500 ق م


17500BC
Dr. D.J. Mulvaney in 1961 and 1964 unearthed human artifacts at Carnarvon National Park in Queensland, Australia, subsequently dated at 19,500 years.
(SF E&C, 1/15/1995, T-4)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

17000 ق م


17000BC
A site at Meadowcroft ,Pa., has been carbon dated for human habitation to this age.
(USAT, 2/11/97, p.A1)
-------------------------------------------------
17000BC-15000BC

The Cactus Hill site, 45 miles south of Richmond, Va., was reported in 2000 to contain evidence of human settlers from this period.
(SFC, 4/7/00, p.A2)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


16000 ق م


16000BC The last major glaciation reaches its maximum. The English channel was dry; Australia adjoined Tasmania and New Guinea. Venice lay 200 miles from the sea.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 446)

-------------------------------------------------
16000BC A mile-high glacier covered the area of Connecticut.
(WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A16)

-------------------------------------------------
16000BC

On Manhattan Island the ice was a half-mile thick. In western North America, the ice covered parts of Washington, Idaho, Montana, and all of Western Canada. In Europe it buried Scandinavia and Scotland, most of Great Britain, Denmark, France, Germany, much of Poland and much of the Soviet Union. In the Southern Hemisphere, there was ice in Australia, New Zealand, and Argentina. See levels fell by 350 feet.
(NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.102)

-------------------------------------------------
16000BC

The glaciers in North America from New Jersey to Seattle began to recede.
(NH, 5/96, p.30)

-------------------------------------------------
16000BC

The west coast of North America deglaciated by this time allowing people, who had crossed the Bering Strait land bridge, to move south.
(SFC, 4/4/08, p.A4)

-------------------------------------------------
16000BC

In Sep, 2003, a 3-foot-tall adult female skeleton was found in a cave believed to be 18,000 years old. A trove of fragmented bones accounted for as many as seven primitive individuals that lived on the equatorial island of Flores, located east of Java and northwest of Australia. Scientists have named the extinct species Homo floresiensis. Scientists in 2005 said the group emerged some 95,000 years earlier and went extinct about 12,000 years ago.
(AP, 10/27/04)(SFC, 10/28/04, p.A1)(SFC, 3/4/05, p.A2)
-------------------------------------------------
16000BC-9000BC

Sculptures of stone, bone, ivory and clay record animals familiar to the Cro-Magnon peoples, whose artistic expertise peaked in France and Spain during this time.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p. 620)



15500 ق م




15500 – 10000 ق.م.
تطور فن الكهوف والفنون الجدارية الأكثر تعقيداً.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



15000 ق م



من 15 إلى 10 آلاف سنة قبل الميلاد
ثقافة الماجداليان (الثقافة المجدالينية) .
----------------------------------------
15000BC

The cave art of Paleolithic man of Lascaux, France dates to this time. It contains some 600 paintings, 1,500 engravings, and innumerable mysterious dots and geometric figures.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p.434,485)

-------------------------------------------------
c15000BC

The San Francisco west coast extended out 6 miles past the Farallon Islands.
(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A8)

-------------------------------------------------
c15000BC

Dogs first began to associate with some humans as people began to form settlements.
(WSJ, 11/22/02, p.B1)
-------------------------------------------------


15000BC-13000BC
During the last Ice Age dams of glacial meltwater repeatedly failed and eroded land in southeastern Washington state and Oregon. This exposed petrified logs in what later became Gingko Petrified Forest State Park. An ice dam, which blocked the Clark Fork River in Montana and created lake Missoula, broke at least 40 times and caused cataclysmic floods. One Missoula flood left Portland under 400 feet of water.
(CW, Fall ‘03, p.20)(SSFC, 9/12/04, p.D9)


15000BC-12000BC
The Solutrean phase of the Upper Paleolithic is named after the Roche de Solutre near Macon, France.
(SFEC, 11/21/99, p.T4)

-------------------------------------------------

15000BC-10000BC

The Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age.
(WH, 1994, p.19)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



14000 ق م


14000BC
A 35 cm (14-inch) stone head that seems to be half man and half lion or leopard, found in the El Juyo cave, in the foothills southwest of Santander, Spain. Anthropologists suggest the cave held a sanctuary for religious rituals.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p. 623)

-------------------------------------------------
14000BC

Several thousand engravings are made at La Marche, France, mostly of animals but also including some humans.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 448)

-------------------------------------------------

14000BC
The bas-relief of a bison on a limestone slab was found in a shelter at Angles-sur-l'Anglin, France.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 452)

-------------------------------------------------

14000BC
The earliest fossils of domestic dogs date to this time. They were found in Germany.
(MT, Fall 02, p.14)
-------------------------------------------------
14000BC-10000BC

Rock art was inscribed in the Coso Mountains of California. In 2005 the area was designated as the Coso Rock Art National Historic Landmark.
(SSFC, 10/23/05, p.F12)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



13500 ق م


13500BC
A sandstone tablet from the Enlene cave in the French Pyrenees, excavated by R. Begouen and J. Clottes. Fragments were found between 1930 and 1983 and reveal possible human figures and a definite bison.
(NG. Nov. 1985, p. 618)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


13000 ق م


13000BC
Archeologist Tom Dillehay and others believe that the first people arrived in the Americas about this time.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.62)

-------------------------------------------------
c13000BC

Human teeth and skull fragments from the Pedra Faruda site of Piaui state, Brazil, were carbon dated to this time. Niede Guidon began excavations at the site in 1970.
(SFEC, 2/20/00, p.A18)

-------------------------------------------------
13000BC

An ivory plaque excavated at Malta in Siberia was designed with circles of dots, a possible indication of marking time.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 440)

-------------------------------------------------
13000BC

In northern Laos at the Plain of Jars is a site with hundreds of stone urns of this age. 2nd source puts the jars at 2000 years old or less.
(NH, 4/97, p.17)(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.E)

-------------------------------------------------
13000BC

About this time the Barents Ice Shelf, a vast piece of ice that sat north of Scandinavia, collapsed into the sea. It may have raised sea level by more than ten feet per century for nearly five centuries.
(NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.109)

-------------------------------------------------
13000BC

The Lake Missoula Floods occurred as recently as 15,000 years ago.
(Smith., 4/95, p.50)

-------------------------------------------------
13000BC

The Great Lakes originated about this time.
(NH, 7/98, p.68)

-------------------------------------------------
13000BC

A supernova explosion occurred about 15,000 years ago that is revealed as the Cygnus Loop, the expanding blast wave of the explosion.
(NH, 8/96, p.72)

-------------------------------------------------

13000BC
Mt. St. Helen's in Washington State erupted about this time. It left a sediment of ash in between layers of sediment from the glacial floods of Lake Missoula. This evidence indicates that there may have been as many as a hundred gigantic floods from Lake Missoula repeatedly breaking the glacial ice build-up.
(Smith., 4/1995, p.58)
-------------------------------------------------
13000BC-8000BC

Stanley J. Olsen, author of the "Origins of the Domestic Dog" (1985), posits that Paleolithic hunter-gatherers domesticated various subspecies of wolf during this time period in northern Europe, North America, the Near East and China.
(Nat. Hist. 3/96, p.36)



12500 ق م


c12500BC
The Altamira Cave in Spain and its wall paintings dated to this time. The cave was rediscovered in 1879 by Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola, a lawyer and amateur archeologist.
(WSJ, 9/18/01, p.A20)



12300 ق م


12300BC
In 2008 scientists reported that fossilized human feces found in 8 caves near Paisley, Ore., dated to about this time. The coprolites contained DNA with characteristics matching those of living Amerindians.
(SFC, 4/4/08, p.A4)(Econ, 4/5/08, p.84)


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
البدراني
عضو فعال
البدراني


عدد المساهمات : 3882
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/08/2009

من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: من 100000 ق م تنازلياً إلي 5000 ق م   من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Icon_minitimeالخميس أغسطس 04, 2011 10:33 pm


12000 ق م




12000BC

The last ice age ended about this time flooding the land bridge between Alaska and Siberia.
(SFC, 4/4/08, p.A4)


------------------------------------------
c12000BC


The Broken Mammoth settlement in central Alaska dated to this time.
(SFC, 7/25/03, p.A1)


------------------------------------------
c12000BC


In 2004 archaeologists in Kansas working near the Colorado-Kansas border reported radiocarbon dating results finished in February that showed mammoth and prehistoric camel bones dating back to about this time.
(AP, 6/13/05)


------------------------------------------
12000BC


In 2008 evidence from Monte Verde, Chile, indicated that a small band of people inhabited the area. Initial evidence was found in a peat bog there in 1977.
(SFC, 5/9/08, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monte_Verde)


------------------------------------------
12000BC


Bison are shaped from moist clay in the Tuc d'Audoubert cave of the French Pyranees, discovered in 1912 CE.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 443)


------------------------------------------
12000BC


The Niaux cave in Tarascon, France, dated back to the Ice Age.
(SFEC, 5/30/99, p.T1)


------------------------------------------
12000BC


As the earth warmed, the rain forest came up. It pushed away the wallabies, the wombats, the possums, and so the people (of Tasmania) had to follow their food.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p.467)


------------------------------------------
c12000BC


During the last ice age the Channel Islands off California were part of one vast island geologists call Santarosae. The northern islands were linked, but probably not with the mainland.
(SFEC, 4/26/98, p.T11)


------------------------------------------
12000BC


Lake Lahontan, which spread across northwest Utah, reached its highest level during the last phase of the last Ice Age.
(NH, 9/96, p.35)


------------------------------------------
12000BC


The first known fossil evidence of human-canine cohabitation dates to about this time.
(SFC, 6/13/97, p.A10)



------------------------------------------


12000BC-10000BC

A site along the Nile River in Sudan has a graveyard (Site 117) of this period that indicates warfare between communities.
(NH, Jul, p.31)





11500 ق م




11500BC-10200BC

A site near Kenosha, Wisc., indicates human butchery of woolly mammoths during this period.
(Arch, 7/02, p.50)





11050 ق م




11050BC-10900BC

Clovis points (from Clovis New Mexico), tools of Paleo-Indian hunters (known as Clovis people), were dated in 2007 to this period. They pursued ice-age mammoths, camels, bison and horses. These people were ancestral to the Folsom culture and were believed to have arrived across a land bridge from Asia. Clovis culture was reported to be very similar to Solutrean.
(NH, 2/97, p.22)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A9)(Arch, 7/02, p.51)(SFC, 2/23/07, p.A4)





11000 ق م





حوالي 11000 ق.م.

أولى المستوطنات البشرية المستديمة في الشرق الأوسط، واعتماد النشاط البشري على عمليات جمع الغذاء المنظمة وتخزين نباتات الحبوب البرية وصيد الحيوانات والطيور الأسماك.

----------------------------------------
11000BC


The last warming period began about 13,000 years ago. It melted the glaciers and put Beringia back under the Bering Sea.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p.434)


----------------------------------------
11000BC


A cooling period in the northern hemisphere, called the Younger Dryas, began about this time and lasted for over a thousand years.
(Econ, 5/26/07, p.94)


----------------------------------------
11000BC


A mass extinction about this time occurred in parts of North America and coincided with the growing population of Indian hunters [see 10,900BC].
(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A2)


----------------------------------------
11000BC


Scientists in 2005 said archeological sites dating to this time in Michigan, Canada, Arizona, New Mexico, and the Carolinas showed evidence, magnetic metal spherules, for a comet impact that may have wiped out North American mammoths and many other animals [see 10,900BC].
(SFC, 9/24/05, p.B2)


----------------------------------------


11000BC

Scientists in 2001-2002 discovered skeletons in caves along Mexico’s Yucatan coast that dated to about this time.
(SFC, 9/10/04, p.A2)


----------------------------------------
11000BC


Peñon Woman, found in central Mexico in 1959, dated to about this time. She shared many of the features found in the Kennewick Man (1996) of Washington State.
(Econ, 7/16/05, p.77)


----------------------------------------
11000BC


The earliest amber artifacts are from this time and were found in caves in Cheddar, England. The British Isles were connected to Europe and the English Channel could be walked across.
(PacDis, Winter/'97, p.9)


----------------------------------------
11000BC


A Paleolithic burial in San Teodoro Cave, Sicily, revealed an arrowhead embedded in the pelvis bone of an adult female. Another arrowhead is known from the vertebra of a child buried in the Grotte des Enfants on the Italian coast.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.24)


----------------------------------------
11000BC


A meteorite from Mars (ALH 84001), discovered in 1984, landed in Antarctica about this time. It had been knocked into space from Mars around 16 million BC. Scientists in 1996 claimed to have found evidence of organic minerals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, in the meteorite that formed some 3.6 billion years ago.
(SFC, 8/7/96, p.A1,9)(SSFC, 2/19/06, p.M6)
----------------------------------------
11000BC-9000BC


A woman's bones were discovered in 1959 at Arlington Canyon on Santa Rosa Island, one of the Channel Islands off California. Two tests in 1999 dated the bones as 11,000 and 13,000 years of age.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A1,15)
----------------------------------------
11000BC-4000BC


Trinidad was once part of the South American continent. The lowlands to the continent flooded either after the melt of the last Ice Age or more recently from erosion caused by the Orinoco River of Venezuela.
(SFEC,2/16/97, p.T5)





10900 ق م




10900BC

Wildfires about this time broke out across the US and Canada after an object, roughly a kilometer across, grazed the Earth and broke up in the atmosphere depositing its oomph as heat. A mass extinction about this time occurred in parts of North America and coincided with the growing population of Indian hunters. Archeologists later identified a layer of charcoal and glass-like beads of carbon as evidence of the event. Fires melted substantial portions of the Laurentide glacier in Canada sending waves of water down the Mississippi that caused changes in the Atlantic Ocean currents. This started a 1,300-year ice age known as the Younger Dryas.
(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A2)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.94)(SFC, 1/2/09, p.A2)





10800 ق م




10800BC-10300BC

A village in Monte Verde, Chile was identified to be this old by a team of anthropologists. The site is described in the 1997 book: "Monte Verde: A Pleistocene Settlement in Chile" by Tom Dillehay. Dillehay later reported that new excavations revealed evidence that human bones and tools may date back to about 28,000BC.
(USAT, 2/11/97, p.A1)(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.61)(SFC, 2/17/98, p.A2)





10700 ق م




10700BC

Melting glaciers caused a deluge of some 2,000 cubic miles of fresh water from a prehistoric lake in southwestern Ontario. This impacted the Atlantic thermohaline circulation and sent temperatures over the North Atlantic plummeting. Temperatures in Greenland dropped by 18 degrees Fahrenheit.
(WSJ, 7/17/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/14/04, p.B1)





10500 ق م




c10500BC

The climate of the Earth abruptly warmed by 20 degrees or more and ended an ice age. Ice cores from Greenland later revealed a temperature increase of almost 59 degrees in the north polar region within a 50-year period.
(SFC, 10/2/98, p.A10)





10200 ق م




10200BC-10400BC

In 2003 Scientists reported that human bone fragments found in a cave from Aveline's Hole in the Mendip Hills of southwest England date from this period.
(AP, 9/23/03)





10000 ق م




10000BC

The Paleolithic period comes to a close.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p. 623)


----------------------------------------







10000 – 4000 ق.م.

تطور المستعمرات إلى مدن، وتطور المهارة البشرية على نحو أتاح للبشر صنع العجلات والخزف وتحسين أساليب الزراعة في أرض الرافدين ومناطق أخرى من العالم؛ وهذا يحدد بداية العصر الحجري الحديث.

====================

10000BC

The Nez Perce are a North American Indian people of the Sahaptin family. The name is from the French and means pierced nose. They lived in the Wallowa Valley of Oregon, Washington and Idaho for some 12,000 years.
(WUD, 1994, p.964)


----------------------------------------
10000BC


Little Petroglyph and an adjacent canyon in the Coso Mountains, northwest of the Mojave Desert, contains carvings dated to this time.
(PacDis, Summer '97, p.8,10)


----------------------------------------
c10000BC


Petroglyphs dating to this time were later discovered in the Big Smokey Valley of Nevada, where Lake Tolyabe and Lake Tonopah provided for human habitation.
(USDI, 2004)


----------------------------------------
c10000BC


The 1st known outbreaks of smallpox occurred among agricultural settlements in northeastern Africa.
(SFC, 10/19/01, p.A17)


----------------------------------------
10000BC


This marks the approximate time of the Natufian cultural stage, just before the domestication of plants and the spread of settled farming groups. The Natufians were the last group to occupy Kebara cave in Israel for a long period.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p.463)


----------------------------------------
c10000BC


Hunter gatherers settled for part of the year at a site later called Wadi Hammeh in the Jordan Valley.
(NH, 11/1/04, p.15)


----------------------------------------
10000BC


In 2008 archeologists in northern Israel found a female skeleton in a grave containing 50 tortoise shells, a leopard pelvis, a cow tail and part of an eagle wing and believed they were the remains of a witch doctor from the Natufian culture.
(AP, 11/18/08)


----------------------------------------
10000BC


Ice from this period is stored at the Physics Inst. of the Univ. of Bern, Switzerland.
(NOHY, 3/1990, p.240)


----------------------------------------
10000BC


An alteration in the Earth's magnetic field occurred.
(E&IH, 1973, p.94)


----------------------------------------
10000BC


The world’s human population was about 5 million.
(Econ, 12/24/05, Survey p.9)
----------------------------------------
10000BC-3500BC


The Neolithic or New Stone Age.
(WH, 1994, p.19)
----------------------------------------
10000BC-400BC


The Jomon culture of Japan is associated with the introduction of rice agriculture and the use of metal and probably came from the Asian mainland.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.34)






9600 ق م


9600BC Radiocarbon date for the cave paintings at Le Portal, France. The last period of cave art is called Magdalenian.
(NH, 7/96, p.18)


---------------------
9600BC A site of human habitation in Peru was dated to about this time. Later excavations indicated complex stone tools that appeared to date back to at least 28,000BC.
(SFC, 2/17/98, p.A2)
----------------------------
9600BC-8500BC Some dozen villages piled one on top of the other occupied the site of Jerf el-Ahmar at a bend of the Euphrates River. In 1999 Syria flooded the area under the Tishrin Dam.
(AM, 11/00, p.56)





9500 ق م

c9500BC

A female skull, aged 20-25, from this period was found near Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in c1995 and named Luzia. It was found to have characteristics similar to people from the South Pacific.
(SFC, 5/23/98, p.A13)


-----------------------------------
9500BC


Romito 2, a dwarf from a cave in Italy's Calabria region, suffered from a form of chondrodystrophy, a lack of normal cartilage growth and stood no more than four feet. That he lived to about 17 years of age indicates group support. He was found buried with an old woman, possibly his mother.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 452)


-------------------------------------


c9500BC

Two cultures of migrating hunters lived in the present territory of Lithuania in the 2nd half of the 10th millennium BC. One group came from the banks of the middle Vistula river in the south-west. The other was from the north-west of Europe.
(DrEE, 10/12/96, p.2)(TB-Com, 10/11/00)
--------------------------------------



9500BC-6100BC

The Neolithic site of Abu Hureyra, 40 miles downstream from Jerf el-Ahmar, Syria, was flooded under the waters of the Taqba Dam in the 1970s.
(AM, 11/00, p.58)
------------------------------------






9400 ق م




9,400BC-9,200BC

In 2006 researchers reported the discovery of nine carbonized fig fruits stored in Gilgal I, an early Neolithic village, located in the Lower Jordan Valley, which dated to this time.
(Reuters, 6/2/06)







9000 ق م



اجتاح الأرض إنقراض كبير بسبب إستمرار العصر الجليدي الأخير الذي قضى علي ثلثي الأحياء بشمال أمريكا وبقية القارات،

وهذا العصر الجليدي لم ينحسر بعد من القطبين.

لكن ثمة أنواعا قاومت هذا الفناء الكبير ومن بينها نوع الإنسان الذي كان من الناجين وبلغ بعده لأعلى مراتبه، فظهر الإنسان العاقل وتطور للإنسان الحديث الصانع الماهر والمفك

=========================





9000 ق.م.

تاريخ أقدم استيطان حضري معروف للبشرية، وهو الاستيطان الكنعاني في مدينة اريحا الفلسطينية المحاطة بالأسوار.

----------------------------





حوالي 9000 ق.م.

أول مدينة محاطة بالأسوار في العالم: أريحا في فلسطين.

-----------------------------------



حوالي 9000 ق.م.

الهنود المهاجرون من أمريكا الوسطى يستوطنون أمريكا الجنوبية.



--------------------------------


9000BC

Humans reached Florida at least by this time, before the end of the Ice Age. Sea level was lower and the peninsula was much larger.
(NH, 11/96, p.46)


----------------------------------------
9000BC


Harpoon heads of intricate design were in use by this time. They were hafted to wooden shafts and easily replaced.
(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 451)


----------------------------------------
9000BC


The wooly mammoth became extinct about 11,000 years ago. [article about the atlatl, i.e. spear thrower]
(WSJ, 10/24/95, p.A-1)


----------------------------------------
9,000BC


Fisher in the late 1980's, while he was excavating an 11,000-year-old mastodon found at the Heisler site in southern Michigan, found evidence of butchery and under water meat caching by Ice Age hunters in North America.
(LSA, Fall 1995, p.38)


----------------------------------------
9000BC


Caribou lived in the area of Connecticut.
(WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A16)


----------------------------------------

9000BC

Human middens began piling up along the coast of Peru reflecting a diet of tropical mollusks.
(SFC, 9/13/96, p.A2)


----------------------------------------
9000BC


The town of Chemi Shanidar, later part of Iraq, was the largest city of the time with 150 people.
(SFEC, 8/27/00, Z1 p.2)


----------------------------------------
c9000BC


Plato later wrote that the island continent of Atlantis existed about this time. In 1998 Richard Ellis wrote an account of the Atlantis literature: "Imagining Atlantis."
(SFEC, 7/26/98, BR p.3)


----------------------------------------
9000BC


In 2007 French archaeologists discovered an 11,000-year-old wall painting underground in northern Syria which they believe is the oldest in the world. The 2 square-meter painting, in red, black and white, was found at the Neolithic settlement of Djade al-Mughara on the Euphrates, northeast of the city of Aleppo.
(Reuters, 10/11/07)
----------------------------------------
c9000BC-8000BC


In Neolithic times Mongolia was the home of small groups of hunters, reindeer breeders, and nomads.
(www.gobiexpeditions.com)
----------------------------------------
9000BC-4000BC


The finest record of Mesolithic and Neolithic peoples exists in Denmark, due to the country's numerous bogs.
(PacDis, Winter/'97, p.9)




8600 ق م




8600BC

Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) lived in temperate climates throughout Europe and western Asia from about this time to a last record in Ireland at 10,600 years ago.
(NH, 8/96, p.17)





8200 ق م




8200BC

Archaeologists in 2007 found tools in the seabed off Cyprus at two sites indicating they were used by seafaring foragers who frequented the island well over 10,000 years ago, before the first permanent settlers arrived around 8,200 BC.
(AP, 7/19/07)






8000 ق م







ملك العرب العاربة = عاد بن عوص بن إرم بن سام بن نوح

مقر حكمه : حضرموت

--------------------------------

مصر :

استئناس الضأن والماعز

-----------------------------

مصر :

العصر المطير في مصر

كانت الصحاري الشرقية والغربية مراعي ووحوش وأشجار

وكان المصريون يعيشون في تلك الصحاري وليس في وادي النيل

-----------

مصر:

من10000 سنة

موجة القبائل من العراق إلى وادي النيل وما بين النهرين وبلاد اليمن.
------------------------------------
قبل نحو 10 آلاف سنة
هاجرت قبائل من شعب الفيديد الهندي من أفريقيا إلى جنوب الجزيرة العربية واستوطن اغلبهم في ارض ظفار.
ما قبل السومريون
وقبل نحو 8 آلاف هاجر شعب اخر من الهند يسمى الدرفيد (الدرافيديين) إلى العراق ومن ثم إلى عمان وانتشروا في كافة انحاءها. كان شعب الدرفيد يتحدثون لغات مشابة للغة السومرية سكنة بلاد الرافدين، يعتقد ان ما جذبهم إلى ارض عمان هي شجرة اللبان النادرة والمهمة عند القدماء (فهي بمثابة بترول العصور القديمة حيث كان يباع بأغلى الأثمان لحاجته للمعابد والطقوس والبيوت
-----------------------

8500 – 8000 ق.م.
زراعة أولى نباتات الحبوب "القمح والشعير" في وادي نهر الأردن.

-------------------------------------------

بدأ الناس تدريجيا بعد عام 8000 ق.م. يتعلمون كيف يزرعون غذائهم ويروضون حيواناتهم.

-------------------------------------

حوالي 8000 ق.م.
أول حصاد منظم لنباتات الحبوب في فرنسا.


8000BC
The Holocene (completely-recent) Epoch, our current age began 10,000 years ago.
(CEH, GHMC,1979, p.24)(LSA, Spg/97, p.6)

-----------------------
8000BC
In 2007 new genetic analysis suggested that the transformation of a vicious predator into a docile tabby took place about this time in the remote deserts of the Middle East.
(www.livescience.com/animals/070628_cat_family.html)

-----------------------
8000BC

A genetic mutation among northern Europeans about this time made lactose tolerance continue beyond childhood.
(WSJ, 2/12/0/09, p.A11)


-----------------------
8000BC

About this time the Lathrop Wells Cone, less than a mile from Yucca Mountain, the proposed site for long-term storage of radioactive waste, erupted.
(Smith., 5/95, p.44)


-----------------------
8000BC

About this time Vulcan’s Throne was formed from a volcanic eruption near the rim of the inner gorge of the Grand Canyon over Toroweap Canyon, Az.
(NH, 9/97, p.40)


-----------------------
8000BC

In 2007 workers digging at the future site of a Wal-Mart store in suburban Mesa, Az., unearthed the bones of a prehistoric camel that's estimated to be about 10,000 years old.
(AP, 4/28/07)


-----------------------
8000BC

About 10,000 years ago a tribe of Indians lived in the Florida panhandle at the Aucilla River for a few generations near the present town of Perry. The site was nearly 100 miles inland. Within a hundred years rising water flooded the village and sealed the remains under a layer of clay.
(SFC, 11/11/96, p.D1)(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.17)


-----------------------
8000BC

Early bison hunters of the American southwest were named the Folsom People after a nearby town. Bones of the Bison antiquus were initially discovered by cowboy George McJunkin in 1908 in eastern New Mexico.
(NH, 2/97, p.17)


-----------------------
8000BC

Researchers in 1986 dated a clay floor in Stanislaus National Forest, 150 miles east of SF, to this time.
(SFC, 9/19/97, p.A3)


-----------------------
8000BC

About 10,000 years ago Thingvallavatn Lake, a flooded graben in southwestern Iceland, was born in a valley gauged from volcanic rock and ash by the Langjokull Glacier.
(NH, 6/96, p.48)


-----------------------
c8000BC

Traces of a man-made shelter from this time were found in northern South Africa north of Johannesburg.
(SFC, 1/15/99, p.A14)


-----------------------
8000BC

The potato was first cultivated some 10,000 years ago by South American Indians. In the 16th century Spanish explorers brought potatoes back to Europe, where it was first used primarily as livestock feed. The potato was introduced to North America in the 17th century. In the 18th century, the poor of Europe began to use potatoes as a replacement for cereals in their diets. The failure of the potato crop in Ireland in 1845-46 led to great famine and pushed tens of thousands of Irish to emigrate to the United States. In 2008 it was reported that genetic studies by potato experts indicated that all potatoes originated over 10,000 years ago from a single ancestor, Solanum brevicaule, found on the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca.
(HNQ, 5/10/98)(SSFC, 10/5/08, p.A15)


-----------------------
8000BC

Asian peoples settled the island of Taiwan about this time.
(SSFC, 2/18/07, p.G6)


-----------------------


c8000BC

The West Antarctic ice sheet started retreating at a rate of about 2 inches per year.
(SFC, 1/3/03, p.A7)


-----------------------
8000BC

There is good evidence that the continental crust is capable of some plastic flow, and the rebound is shown most dramatically in parts of the Baltic, the Arctic and the Great Lakes regions of North America where Pleistocene beaches and coastal features are now raised high above sea level and some are tilted. The process seems to have been going on for the last 10,000 years and is still continuing.
(DD-EVTT)


-----------------------
8000BC

Sand of Ocean Beach and on hills of western San Francisco. Alluvium of river bottoms. Silts and muds of Sacramento Delta.
(GH-CEH, p.25)


-----------------------
c8000BC

Rising ocean waters flowed into the Golden Gate and formed the nascent SF Bay.
(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A8)


-----------------------
8000BC

Pigmy mammoths browsed on the Channel Islands off the California coast.
(SFEC, 1/18/98, Z1 p.1)


-----------------------
8000BC

Grinding tools from this time were found in 1999 in the Cross Creek site of San Luis Obispo. Beads, shells, tools, seeds and carved stone fish suggested that humans came to the area by sea and did not rely on hunting for subsistence.
(SFC, 6/25/99, p.A6)


-----------------------
8000BC

Wine was produced in the region known as Colchis (later Georgia) as early as this time.
(Econ, 11/15/08, p.100)


-----------------------
8000BC

About this time the inhabitants of Mesopotamia (centered about modern Iraq) began using distinctively shaped clay tokens- spheres, disks, cones, cylinders, triangles, among others- to keep track of foodstuffs, livestock, and land.
(I&I, Penzias, p.42)(V.D.-H.K.p.10)
-----------------------
c8000BC-7000BC

In the early Mesolithic the climate warmed and settlers of the Paleolithic followed the deer north. Those who stayed mixed with the fisherman who moved from the west to form the ethnic groups of Baltic culture.
(DrEE, 10/12/96, p.2)(TB-Com, 10/11/00)
-----------------------
8000BC-1500CE

This period is covered by Barry Cunliffe in his 2001 book: “Facing the Ocean: The Atlantic and Its Peoples 8000BC – 1500 AD.
(Arch, 7/02, p.20)

-----------------------

حوالي 8000 – 7000 ق.م.

بداية ظهور الفن في شمال أوربا.









7975 ق م













c7975BC

Humans lived in a cave near Oaxaca, Mexico, named Guila Naquitz (White Cliff). Scattered remains of tools, seeds and plants were found in 1966 by archeologist Kent Flannery and some of the seeds were dated to this time. The squash seeds showed signs of cultivation.
(SFC, 5/9/97, p.A2)



7600 ق م





حوالي 7600 ق.م.

بداية الزراعة في جنوب آسيا.


7542 ق م

7542BC In 2008 Umeaa University said the world's oldest living tree on record, a spruce, took root about this time in central Sweden.
(AP, 4/17/08)
7500 ق م









حوالي 7500 – 7000 ق.م.

استئناس الماعز والأغنام في الشرق الأدنى.

---------------------
7500BC Pre-historic Indians inhabit areas of N. Cascades in Washington state at elevations of 6,600 ft. It appears that the local chert was used to fabricate stone tools.
(NG March 1990, Geographica)
7500BC The Illinois River Valley, where humans have lived since this time lost 5-10% of its archeological record in the great Mississippi flood of 1994 CE.
(NG, Geographica, Jan, 94)


-------------------------------
c7500BC


The Twin Dutch Site in Illinois is the location of the oldest house in the Midwest US.
(SFEC, 11/24/96, C17)


-------------------------------
c7500BC


A research team in 2004 uncovered a carefully buried cat on Cyprus, placed just inches from a human burial that also contained polished stones, shells, tools and jewelry. The graves were estimated to be 9,500 years old.
(AP, 4/9/04)
-------------------------------
7500BC-7000BC


Evidence of human habitation has been found from this time at El Portal in Yosemite.
(SFEC, 5/18/97, Z1 p.4)
7400 ق م


c7400BC

In 1998 specimens of sandals were analyzed from a Missouri cave that dated to this time.
(SFC, 7/3/98, p.A2)


-----------------------------
7400BC


The mummy, known as the Spirit Cave Man, was found in Nevada in 1940, but in 1996 was dated to be more than 9,400 years old. The mummy was discovered by archeologists S.M. and Georgia Wheeler in a cave 13 miles east of Fallon. The mummy was wrapped in a skin robe and sewn into two mats woven of a marsh plant called tule.
(SFC, 4/27/96, p.A-5)
7200 ق م


7200 BC

A skeleton of about this age was found in July, 1996, by the Columbia River in Kennewick, Wa. It became known as the "Kennewick Man" or "Richland Man." The 9,200 year old bones were later studied and determined to be most closely related to Asian people, particularly the Ainu of northern Japan. It was concluded in 2000 that he was an American Indian. The bones were dated to 7514-7324 BC.
(SFC, 10/16/99, p.A11)(SFC, 1/14/00, p.A7)(SFC, 9/26/00, p.A5)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.76)
7000 ق م

علاقات قبرص بالشرق قديمة تعود إلى النيوليتي (العصر الحجري الحديث).

وما يدلّ على ذلك مناجم خيروكيتيا التي جاء سكانها من سورية حوالى سنة 7000 ق.م.

---------------------------------
c7000BC

Some American Indian graves in Newport Beach, CA., were believed to be this age.
(SFC, 3/10/97, p.A16)


--------------------------
7000BC


An alteration in the Earth's magnetic field occurred.
(E&IH, 1973, p.94)


------------------------------
c7000BC


A flute dating to this time was found in the 1980s in Jiahu. 6 flutes from the hollow wing bones of cranes were found in Zheng-zhou province from about this time.
(SFC, 9/23/99, p.A8)(SFC, 4/29/00, p.D4)


------------------------
7000BC


Scientists in 2004 found the earliest evidence of winemaking from pottery shards dating from 7,000BC in northern China.
(Reuters, 12/7/04)(SFC, 12/7/04, p.A1)


-----------------------
c7000BC


Early Danish Mesolithic: In the Maglemose culture large amber pendants were hardly changed.
(PacDis, Winter/'97, p.8)


-----------------------
c7000BC


In 1903 a skeleton of a man, 9,000 years old, was discovered in the underground caves at Cheddar, 130 miles west of London, England.
(SFC, 3/8/96, p.A8)


---------------------------------------------
c7000BC


The Ain Ghazal farming settlement in Jordan dated to this time. It was uncovered in 1974 during road construction near Amman.
(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.C7)


-------------------------------
c7000BC


The site of Catalhoyuk in south-central Turkey was settled about this time and vanished after about 1,200 years. It marks the world’s first urban center.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.72)(SFC, 4/18/05, p.A6)


----------------------
c7000BC


The first regular milking of animals was begun in the Shara about this time.
(SFEC,11/2/97, Z1 p.6)


------------------------------------

قبل 7000 سنة ق.م.

تدجين الإنسان الماعز في بلاد فارس والأناضول واستفاد من
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
البدراني
عضو فعال
البدراني


عدد المساهمات : 3882
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/08/2009

من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: من 100000 ق م تنازلياً إلي 5000 ق م   من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Icon_minitimeالخميس أغسطس 04, 2011 10:36 pm



حوالي 7000 – 2000 ق.م.
انتشار المستوطنات الزراعية في أوربا
---------------------------------------


6800 ق م

c6800BC Jarmo in northern Iraq was later said to be the first town.
(SFEC, 7/16/00, Z1 p.2)


6335 ق م


اسم مدينة القاهرة (حري عي )
ومعني الاسم = مدينة القتال



الفترة
من 6220 ق م حتي 5520 ق م

ملك العرب العاربة = شداد بن عاد بن عوص بن إرم بن سام بن نوح
تولي خلفاً لأخيه شديد



6200 ق م

6200BC The archeological record shows traces of domesticated cattle back to this time.
(Acad, Jul/Aug 1996)


6200BC The development of irrigation in Mesopotamia at this time seems to coincide with a cool dry period.
(Econ, 12/20/03, p.114)


6200BC The glacial lake Agassiz-Ojibway, body of water so vast that it covered parts of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, North Dakota, Ontario and Minnesota, massively drained, sending a flow of water into the Hudson Strait and the Labrador Sea. The sudden flood of fresh water diluted the saltiness of the Gulf Stream weakening its flow.
(Econ, 9/9/06, Survey p.6)(AFP, 2/24/08)



6100 ق م

مصر :
استئناس الحيوان غرب أبو سمبل بمائة كيلومتر




6000 ق م


اكتشاف الذهب
--------------
استعمال الحمار كوسيلة للتنقل من مكان لآخر
--------------
العراق :
حضارة العبيد ( تنطق بضم العين ) في وسط وشمال العراق
امتدت إلي الجزيرة العربية وإيران
-----------

بني السومريون مدينة ( أوروك ) قرب (مدينة الناصرية ) المعاصرة لنا
وتسمي حالياً مدينة أور
وبها ولد النبي إبراهيم عليه السلام
---------------------------
هجرة من العرب إلي مصر
=========================

6000 – 2500 ق.م.
عصر ازدهار حضارة إريدو أقدم " المدن الدول" السومرية.
=====================

حوالي 6000 ق.م.
ظهور أولى المجتمعات الزراعية في جنوب شرق أوربا (نشأة أولى القرى في سهول تسالي وجزيرة كريت باليونان).

======================

6000 – 4000 ق.م.
انتشار التكنولوجيات الزراعية المستجدة في أوربا (استئناس النباتات والحيوانات البرية، واستخدام الفخار والأدوات المصنوعة من الحجارة).

======================
6000BC

Carbon levels began to rise about this time and caused a deviation in the climatic patterns called the Milankovitch cycles. These cycles were regulated by the Earth's orbit and angle towards the sun.
(Econ, 12/20/03, p.115)

--------------------------------------
6000BC

The Wappo Indians settle in the area northern California around Mt. Konocti 8,000 years ago. The eruption of Mt. Konocti millions of years earlier left a fissure in the earth through which ground water reaches the hot magma at 4,000 feet, and resurfaces as Indian Springs' three thermal geysers at 212 degrees. The water rises through old sea beds adding rich mineral and salt traces.
(Flyer on Indian Springs, 7/95)

--------------------------------------
c6000BC

The Hokan Indians preceded the Miwoks in Northern California.
(SFEC, 10/4/98, p.B5)

--------------------------------------
c6000BC

Remains of a probable human structure in Hells Gap, Wyoming, were dated to this time.
(SFC, 9/19/97, p.A3)

--------------------------------------
c6000BC

A more advanced Neolithic people migrated to Europe from the Middle East bringing with them a new Y chromosome pattern and an agricultural way of life.
(SFC, 11/10/00, p.A7)

--------------------------------------
6000BC

The site of Lepenski Vir on the Danube River at the Iron Gates gorges was occupied by people living in huts. Sculpted boulders at the site represent the first monumental art from central and eastern Europe.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.24)

--------------------------------------
c6000BC

Bronze age settlements were established and later found in Moldova.
(SFC, 1/28/97, p.A5)

--------------------------------------
6000BC

Ash from ancient campfires of this time were found in Muscat, Oman, in 1983.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.48)

--------------------------------------
c6000BC

Lead beads were fashioned in Anatolia by craftsmen whose forced-air furnaces were able to reach 1,100 degrees, the melting point of galena, a common mineral of lead.
(NH, 7/96, p.50)

--------------------------------------
c6000BC The milodon, a giant sloth, became extinct in South America.
(SFEC, 11/24/96, T6)

--------------------------------------
6000BC Researchers in 2007 reported that evidence for the use of chili peppers date back to this time in Ecuador. Botanists if general agreed that chili peppers originated in Bolivia. Evidence for early use was also found in the Bahamas, Colombia, Panama, Peru and Venezuela.
(SFC, 2/16/07, p.A7)

--------------------------------------
6000BC

In 2008 scientists reported that robust hunter-gathers, known as Kiffians, apparently abandoned the Gobero region of Niger during a long drought that dried up a lake about this time. The dried-up lake in the Sahara was found brimming with the skeletons of people, fish and crocodiles who thrived when the African desert was briefly green.
(Reuters, 8/15/08)
-----------------------------
6000BC-5500BC

In 2005 archaeologists in northern Greece uncovered traces of two prehistoric farming settlements dating back to this period.
(AP, 11/28/05)
---------------------------------------
6000BC-4000BC

The Pleistocene-Holocene date line, i.e. the 'end' of the glacial epoch, is perhaps best marked at the end of the last rapid rise in sea level between 6 & 8 thousand years ago.
(DD-EVTT, p.298)

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
البدراني
عضو فعال
البدراني


عدد المساهمات : 3882
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/08/2009

من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: من 100000 ق م تنازلياً إلي 5000 ق م   من 100000 ق م    تنازلياً  إلي    5000 ق م Icon_minitimeالخميس أغسطس 04, 2011 10:38 pm


5600 ق م


c5600BC

The Mediterranean Sea, swollen be melted glaciers, breached a natural dam that separated it from the fresh water lake later known as the Black Sea. Sea water from the Mediterranean poured in for as long as 2 years. An ancient coastline with this date was verified in 1999. [see 2348BC]
(SFC, 9/28/99, p.A14)(SFC, 11/18/99, p.C6)(SFC, 9/13/00, p.A7)
5500 ق م



اليمن :

توجد باليمن (جرهم الأولي)

-----------------------------

جزيرة العرب :

يوجد باليمامة:

قبيلة جديس في نجد عاصمتهم اليمامة

قبائل طسم ، وصحاري ، وحاسم ووبار

---------------

جزيرة العرب :

يوجد بالحجاز قبيلة ثمود بن عامر بن إرم بن سام بن نوح

مقر حكمها الحجر بأرض الحجاز

======================
5500BC-4000BC


In Japan the Sannai Maruyama site in northern Honshu uncovered postholes of houses and longhouses, graves, figurines and animal remains of the early to middle Jomon period.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.72)
5400 ق م

هل تعلم ان اول من عرف القمح هم المصريون القدماء عام 5400 قبل الميلاد

====================================
5400BC-5000BC


Archeologists have determined that wine was made in villages in Iran's remote Zagros Mountains about this time. Wine jars were dug up near the ruined village called Hajii Firuz Tepe and analyzed to have contained a retsina type of wine.
(SFC, 6/6/96, p.A3)(Reuters, 12/7/04)



5300 ق م





حوالي 5300 – 3100 ق.م.

عصر ما قبل الأسرات وفيه ظهرت المواقع الحضارية المصرية الأولى (الفيوم – البداري – تل العمارنة – نقادة



5200 ق م





العراق ( في منتصف عصر الوركاء )

اختراع الكتابة بشكلها الصِـوَري

تعقيب : تطورت فيما بعد إلي الكتابة المسمارية

==============================
5200BC-4500BC


In 2008 Egypt’s supreme council of antiquities said a team of US archaeologists had discovered the ruins of a city dating back to this period of the first farmers in the Fayyum oasis.
(AFP, 1/29/08)
5100 ق م


c5100BC A slate plaque from pre-dynastic Egypt was carved with scenes of battlefield carnage on one side and leaf munching antelope on the other. It was part of an exhibit at the Guggenheim.
(NYT, 6/7/96, p.B9)


-----------------------------------
c5100BC In 2001 evidence in Mexico was reported for corn cultivation from sediments of this time.
(SFC, 5/18/01, p.A7)













5000 ق م



5000 ق م ( تقدير واسع)

النبي إدريس عليه السلام

ولد بمصر وكانت ملته الصابئة وهي :

1- توحيد الإله

2- الطهارة

3- الصيام 30 يوماَ إلي غروب الشمس

ولعله أقدم نبي فرض عليه وعلي قومه الصوم

ولفظ صوم بالهيروغليفية يعنيالحبس والامساك عن مباشرة النساء وعن الكلام



===================================

5000 ق م

مصر :

تربية الفلاحين المصريين للبقر والغنم والخنازير والكلاب

=======================

5000 ق م

مصر :

كان سكان مصر جماعة من الجنس الحامي ينسب ألي بربر أفريقيا الشرقية والصوماليين

وكان لايعرف إلا الأواني والأدوات الحجرية
فدخلت قبائل آسيوية مصر عبرت إما من قفط بحراَ أو سيناء برا وأدخلت لمصر :
1- المعادن لاسيما النحاس
2- عبادة الأموات
3- كتاباتهم
4- دياناتهم
وتركوا ألواح اردوازية منقوشة لم يتيسر لأحد فهمها ،
وكان لهم فنون ونظم اجتماعية مختلفة عن الجنس الحامي

====================================



حوالي 5000 ق.م.

استئناس اللاما (حيوان شبيه بالجمل في أمريكا الجنوبية)

=================

حوالي 5000 ق.م.

تأسيس أولى المراكز الاستيطانية للهنود في المكسيك.



وبعض التطورات الزراعية في المكسيك.



===================

5000 – 4000

ق.م. وصول الإسكيمو إلى أمريكا الشمالية.

===================
5000BC


War had become endemic in almost all human societies.
(V.D.-H.K.p.408)


--------------------------
5000BC


Since the last glacial phase, an interglacial had been in effect, beginning about this time.
(DD-EVTT, p.301)


--------------------------
5000BC Stone age farmers and fisherman inhabited the area around Byblos, Lebanon. Archeologists at Byblos found at least 12 layers of civilizations that dated back 7,000 years.
(NG, Aug., 1974, p.154)(SFEC, 4/13/97, p.T9)


--------------------------
c5000BC A complex of slabs and stones in southern Egypt that may date this far back was found during field work that ended in 1997. The site included 10 slabs, some 9 feet tall, 30 rock-lined ovals, 9 burial sites for cows, and a "calendar circle" of stones. They were thought to have been constructed by cattle-herders and used for astronomical observations.
(SFC, 4/2/98, p.A6)


--------------------------
5000BC Mt. Mazama in what is now Oregon blew up about this time and left what is now called Crater Lake.
(SFEC, 7/27/97, Z1 p.7)(SFC, 10/26/06, p.B8)


--------------------------
5000BC Shell and fishbone middens indicated a fishing village of this time at Ras al Hamra in Qurum, Oman.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.48)


--------------------------
5000BC The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act gives large portions of prime bear habitat to the Alutiiq people, who have hunted and fished on the island for 7,000 years.
(NG, Jan. 94, p.141)


--------------------------
5000BC Native people were traveling through the Barrens, northwest of Canada's Hudson's Bay,
(NH, 5/96, p.35)


--------------------------
5000BC In 2008 archeologists reported the discovery of a farming village in Egypt’s Faiyum Oasis, 50 miles south of Cairo, that dated to about this time. Residents grew wheat and barley, and raised sheep, goats and pigs.
(SFC, 2/13/08, p.A11)



5000BC Dried-up riverbeds as well as cave paintings indicate that at this time the Sahara was a land of flowing rivers, lush green pastures, and forests.
(ATC, p.108)


--------------------------
5000BC On Malta the Ghar Dalam cave near the harbor of Marsaxlokk revealed bones of domesticated animals and potsherds.
(AM, Jul/Aug '97 p.42)


--------------------------
5000BC The Thracian village of Nebet Tepe, later Plovdiv, Bulgaria, dated to about this time. It was redeveloped by the Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Bulgars and Turks.
(SSFC, 7/16/06, p.G4)


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c5000BC Research in 2003 indicated that bananas and taro were cultivated in the highlands of Papua New Guinea as long as 7,000 years ago. The first signs of human habitation in the area occurred c5,800BC and included a change from forest to grasslands and increase in charcoal in the sediments. The earliest Asian influence on the islands occurred about 1,500BC.
(AP, 6/19/03)


--------------------------
5000BC


عدد سكان كوكب الأرض = 5 ملايين نسمة

The human population was about 5 million at this time.
(SFEC, 9/19/99, Z1 p.3)
--------------------------






من سنة 5000 ق م
حتي سنة 3500 ق م

مصر :

فترة اصطلح الآثاريون علي تسميتها بعهد ماقبل الأسراتPredynastic period

-------------------------

5000 ق م

مصر :

اندماج القري المصرية في أقاليم:

اقليم الصقر

اقليم النسر

اقليم الثعبان

-------------------------

5000 ق م

مصر :

صنع تماثيل للبشر والحيوانات والطيور

-------------------------

5000 ق م

مصر :

بسبب حدوث موجة جفاف هاجر الكثير من سكان مصر إلي منطقة السدود في السودان

وهي منطقة حارة في دائرة الأمطار الاستوائية

ولازال أحفادهم من الدنكا والشلك لليوم يعيشون علي نفس أنماط حياة أسلافهم القدماء قالقوام متشابه ونسب أجزاء الداغ واللغة والسمات والملابس تشبه قدماء المصريين

المصدر : عز الدين اسماعيل / تاريخ الجيش المصري في عصور ماقبل التاريخ ص136



-------------------------

5000 ق م

مصر

هجرة أتباع حور من غرب آسيا إلي مصر

ويتميزون عن المصريين بأجسام طوال وأقوي وجماجم أكبر

وقد استطاعوا اخضاع الدلتا ثم الصعيد حتي أقصي حدود مصر الجنوبية

وأقاموا غرب هذه الحدود ( مملكة أخن )

وقد أدخل أتباع حور معهم :

1- عبادة الشمس

2- مخبرات البناء بالحجر والنحت

3- ابتكار الكتابة والانتقال بمصر من عصر ماقبل التاريخ إلي العصر التاريخي

المصدر : عز الدين اسماعيل / تاريخ الجيش المصري في عصور ماقبل التاريخ

المرجع : نقلا عن تبري

------------------------------------

5000 ق م

السكان الأصليون لأمريكا ( الهنود الحمر) يبدأون الزراعة بمفهومها المعاصر

--------------------------
5000BC-3000BC




Pinto Man, a Native American nomad, left arrow points in the desert basin near Twenty-Nine Palms in Southern California.
(Sp., 5/96, p.64)



--------------------------
5000BC-2500BC


Scientists in 2008 said a second group settled the Gobero region of Niger during this period. These were Tenerians, smaller, shorter people who hunted, herded and fished.
(Reuters, 8/15/08)
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
 
من 100000 ق م تنازلياً إلي 5000 ق م
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1

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منتدي لآلـــئ :: الأرشيف :: بعض :: من أرشيف 2011-
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